Standing as tall as 2.5 m (8 ft) and also weighing approximately 360 kg (800 lbs.), the grizzly bear is a subspecies of brown bear that inbehavior western Canada and the northwestern USA.

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Grizzly bears have a multitude of staminas. They are very intelligent and also have great memories. Detecting food from great ranges away, grizzlies have an astute sense of smell, even much better than that of a hound dog.

They are great swimmers and also rapid runners, getting to speeds as high as 50 km/h (35 mph) over land. Young grizzlies likewise have the capability to climb trees to evade peril, but this ability fades as they become bigger.

Grizzly bears are specially adapted to survive the transforming seasons. Throughout warmer months, they eat a massive amount of food so they can live off body fat during the winter, when food is scarce. They might intake 40 kg (90 lbs.) of food each day, getting over 1 kg (2.2 lbs.) of body weight a day.


As omnivores, grizzlies will eat anything nutritious they can find, gorging on nuts, fruit, leaves, roots, fungi, insects, and a range of animals consisting of salmon and also other fish, rodents, sheep, and elk. Their diet varies depending on what foodstuffs are accessible for the seaboy.

In the autumn, as temperatures cool and also food becomes scarcer, grizzlies dig dens in the sides of hills. They have actually long rounded clegislations (the size of huguy fingers) and a huge mass of muscles on their backs that assist them dig. These features, together with small rounded ears and also white-tipped (or “grizzled”) hair, differentiate grizzly bears from black bears.


In the winter, grizzly bears clear up in to their dens and enter a deep sleep called torpor, which allows them to conserve power. Their heart price slows dvery own from 40 beats per minute to 8, and they perform not go to the bathroom at all during these months of shardwood. This deep sleep is generally referred to as hibercountry, however bears are not true hibernators. True hibernators, choose chipmunks, deer mice, groundhogs, snakes, and also some bats, enter an also deeper sleep state, reducing their heart prices even more considerably and also lowering their body temperatures to near freezing.

Family Life

Midwinter, pregnant grizzly bears wake up from their sleep to provide birth, however go back to their stimber after that. Grizzly bear cubs (normally born in pairs) arrive right into the world blind, hairless, and toothmuch less. They usage what little bit strength they need to nestle right into their mommy and also nurse. For a month, the cubs feed on their mother’s milk and also gain stamina. By the moment spring comes, the cubs have actually opened their eyes and also grvery own teeth and fur; the new household is prepared to undertaking exterior the den.

The cubs continue to be under their mother’s treatment for 2-3 years. While mother grizzlies are fiercely protective of their cubs, practically half the cubs carry out not endure past the initially year, falling to illness, starvation, and also predators prefer wolves, mountain lions, and also adult male grizzlies.

Conservation Status

Brown bears are taken into consideration a types of least issue by the IUCN. However before, the grizzly bear subspecies is detailed as threatened by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Grizzly bears are endangered by habitat loss as a result of logging, development, and mining. Person interactivity additionally poses a risk to grizzlies. When bears are drawn close to humans, attracted by livestock, garbage, and also various other food, they are frequently exterminated. In addition, in Canada, human being hunt grizzlies for trophy (wright here it is legal to perform so). In the U.S., occasionally grizzlies are shot by world mistaking them for babsence bears, which are not protected.


What You Can Do to Help

If you would certainly like to assist grizzlies, you have the right to donate to organizations such as Defender of Wildlife and National Wildlife Federation, which help maintain grizzly habitat and occupational towards minimizing human-bear problems (with procedures favor bear-resistant dumpsters and also electric fences).

When living in or visiting grizzly bear habitat, do not feed the bears, and store all garbage securely contained.

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Grizzly Bear Distribution

Grizzly bears inhabit Alaska, western Canada, and components of the northwestern USA.

About the Author

Abi Cushman is a contributing editor of Animal Fact Guide and My Housage Rablittle. When she"s not creating about weird animal facts, Abi writes and also illustprices funny books for kids. Her deyet photo book, Soaked!, is easily accessible currently from Viking Children"s Books.To learn more and to downpack cost-free task sheets, visit www.abicushguy.com. Follow her on Twitter at