You are watching: Why are saturated hydrocarbons generally less reactive than unsaturated hydrocarbons?
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Hint: Hydrocarbons are organic compounds which are formed due to the bonding between hydrogen atoms and also carbon atoms. Saturated hydrocarbons have actually single bonded carbon atoms and also hydrogen atoms fully occupying various other positions whereas unsaturated hydrocarbons are compounds where carbon atoms have actually double or triple bonds which are weaker and also can break dvery own conveniently. Complete step-by-step answer:Hydrocarbons are organic compounds and as the name argues, they are developed because of the bonding between hydrogen atoms and carbons atoms. They exist as alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and also aromatic compounds. Once the carbon atoms are bonded to each other, the vacant carbon bonds are filled with hydrogen atoms which take up all the positions which are easily accessible. Hydrocarbons are naturally developing compounds which are provided as fuels, lubricants and in manufacturing of plastics, rubber, solvents and also assorted various other commodities. Saturated hydrocarbons are those in which carbon atoms are bonded to each various other through a single bond and also all the other bonds of the carbon atom are lived in by hydrogen atom. Therefore, these compounds are well-known as saturated as all the bonds of carbon after being single bonded via various other carbon atoms are inhabited by hydrogen atoms. When these saturated hydrocarbons have actually no useful groups attached then they are recognized as alkanes. Some examples of saturated hydrocarbons are:
Unsaturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon atoms are covalently bonded to various other carbon atoms by a dual or a triple bond which reduces the variety of hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon atom. They are formed because of the sharing of electrons. Double bonded hydrocarbons are known as alkenes and triple bonded are known as alkynes. Some examples of unsaturated hydrocarbons are:The unsaturated hydrocarbons are even more reenergetic because of the presence of double and also triple bonded carbon atoms as these are weaker than the single bonded saturated hydrocarbons due to the visibility of weaker pi bonds and also hence, when a reaction takes area, these unsaturated hydrocarbons break down easily as compared to single bonded carbon compounds and react faster once used in a reactivity.Unsaturated hydrocarbons quickly undergo added reactions favor bromination whereas saturated hydrocarbons execute not react through bromine due to single bonds. $CH_3CH_2CH_3 + Br o extno reaction$ Saturated hydrocarbon $ o$ Unsaturated hydrocarbon Note: Unsaturated hydrocarbons are provided for various industrial objectives choose manufacturing of paints, lubricants and also pesticides. They are reenergetic and therefore offered in various chemical reactions. They are healthier for our body than saturated hydrocarbons as they minimize bad cholesterol and prevent heart conditions.