Recognize a participle phrase when you discover one.

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A participle expression will certainly start through a current or pastparticiple. If the participle is existing, it will dependably finish in ing. Likewise, a consistent past participle will end in a consistented. Irconsistent previous participles, unfortunately, conclude in all kinds of ways. (Seethis list for examples.)

Due to the fact that all phrases require 2 or even more words, a participle phrase will frequently include objects and/ormodifiers that finish the thought.

Here are examples:

Crunching caramel corn for the whole movie

Waburned via soap and water

Stuck in the back of the clocollection behind the obsolete computer

Participle phrases always feature as adjectives, describing a adjacent noun or pronoun.

Read these examples:

The steed trotting up to the fence hopes that you have actually an apple or carrot.

Trotting up to the fence modifies the noun steed.

The water drained slowly in the pipeclogged through dog hair.

Clogged with dog hair modifies the noun pipe.

Eaten by mosquitoes, we wished that we had actually made hotel, not campsite, appointments.

Eaten by mosquitoes modifies the pronoun we.

Do not confusage a current participle expression via a gerund phrase.

Present participle phrases and also gerund phrases are easy to confusage because they both begin with aning word. The difference is the attribute that they carry out in a sentence. A current participle phrase will always act as an adjective while a gerund phrase will certainly constantly behave actually as a noun.

Consider these examples:

Walking on the beach, Delores dodged the jellyfish that had actually wamelted ashore.

Walking on the beach = current participle phrase describing the noun Delores.

Walking on the beach is painful if jellyfish have wamelted ashore.

Walking on the beach = gerund expression, the topic of the verbis.

Waking to the buzz of the alarm clock, Freddie cursed the arrival of one more Monday.

Waking to the buzz of the alarm clock = current participle expression describing the nounFreddie.

Freddie hates waking to the buzz of the alarm clock.

Waking to the buzz of the alarm clock = gerund phrase, the direct object of the verb hates.

After a lengthy day at institution and also work-related, LaShae discovered her roommate Ben eating the last of the leftover pizza.

Eating the last of the leftover pizza = present participle phrase describing the nounBen.

Ben's rudest halittle bit iseating the last of the leftover pizza.

Eating the last of the leftover pizza = gerund phrase, the subject complement of the verb is.

Punctuate a participle expression properly.

When a participle phrase introduces a main clause, separate the two sentence components through a comma.

This is the pattern:

Participle Phrase + , +Key Clause.

Read this example:

Glazed via barbecue sauce, the rack of ribs lay nestled next to a pile of sweet coleslaw.

When a participle expression concludes a main clause and also is describing the word best in front of it, you require no punctuation to attach the two sentence parts.

This is the pattern:

Main Clause + Ø + Participle Phrase.

Read this example:

Mariah risked petting the pit bullwagging its stub tail.

But when a participle expression concludes a primary clause and also modifies a word farther up in the sentence, you will require a comma.

This is the pattern:

Key Clause + , +Participle Phrase.

Read this example:

Cooper enjoyed dinner at Audrey's house,agreeing to a large slice of cherry pie even though he was complete to the suggest of bursting.

The home, of course, is not doing the agreeing; Cooper is! Because of the distance between Cooper and the participle phrase that explains him, the comma is necessary.

Don't misarea or dangle participle phrases.

Introductory participle phrases are the most prevalent modifier tomisarea ordangle. In clear, logical sentences, you will certainly uncover these modifiers best alongside the words that they explain.

Shouting through happiness, William celebrated his opportunity to interview at SunTrust Bank.

Notice that the participle expression sits appropriate in front ofWilliam, the one doing the shouting.

If too a lot distance sepaprices an introductory participle expression and its taracquire, the modifier is misput.

Draped neatly on a hanger, William borrowed Grandpa's old suit to wear to the interview.

The suit, not William, is on the hanger! The modifier have to come closer to the word it is supposed to describe:

For the intercheck out, William obtained Grandpa's old suit, which was draped nicely on a hanger.

If the sentence falls short to include a targain, the modifier is dangling.

Straightening his tie and also smoopoint his hair, the appointment time for the intersee had actually ultimately arrived.

We assume William is around to interwatch, however where is he in the sentence? We require a taracquire for the participle expression straightening his tie and smoothing his hair.

See more: What Is 3 Quarters Of An Hour ? A Quarter Of An Hour

Straightening his tie and also smoopoint his hair, William was relieved that the appointment time for the intercheck out had lastly arrived.

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