Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured via 180 imaginary lines that form circles approximately the Planet east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are well-known as parallels. A circle of latitude is an imaginary ring linking all points sharing a parallel.The Equator is the line of 0 levels latitude. Each parallel measures one degree north or southern of the Equator, through 90 levels north of the Equator and also 90 levels south of the Equator. The latitude of the North Pole is 90 levels N, and also the latitude of the South Pole is 90 levels S. Like the poles, some circles of latitude are named. The Tropic of Cancer, for circumstances, is 23 degrees 26 minutes 21 seconds N—23° 26" 21"" N. Its twin, the Tropic of Capricorn, is 23° 26" 21"" S. The tropics are necessary geographic locations that note the northernthe majority of and southerna lot of latitudes wbelow the sun have the right to be watched straight overhead in the time of a solstice.One degree of latitude, called an arclevel, covers around 111 kilometers (69 miles). Due to the fact that of the Earth"s curvature, the farther the circles are from the Equator, the smaller sized they are. At the North and also South Poles, arclevels are ssuggest points.Degrees of latitude are separated into 60 minutes. To be also more exact, those minutes are divided right into 60 secs. One minute of latitude covers around 1.8 kilometers (1.1 miles) and also one second of latitude covers about 32 meters (105 feet).For instance, the latitude for Cairo, Egypt, in levels and minutes would certainly be composed as 29° 52" N, because the city is 29 levels, 52 minutes north of the Equator. The latitude for Cape Tvery own, South Africa, would be 33° 56" S, because the city is 33 levels, 56 minutes south of the Equator. Using seconds of latitude, global placing mechanism (GPS) devices can pinpoint colleges, homes, even rooms in either of these towns.Comparable to latitude, the matching measurement of distance about the Planet is referred to as longitude. The imaginary lines of latitude and also longitude intersect each various other, creating a grid that covers the Earth. The points of latitude and longitude are dubbed collaborates, and can be offered together to locate any type of allude on Earth.
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54-40 or Fight!An location of the circle of latitude at 54 40" N was a hotly contested item of genuine estate in the 1ninth century. The UNITED STATE and also the UK (Canada) both asserted claims to the Pacific Northwest, in what ended up being recognized as the Oregon Boundary Dispute. "54-40 or fight!" was a cry of American inhabitants.
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The boundary in between the U.S. and Canada was ultimately establimelted at the 4nine parallel.