Shall I teach you how to make comparisons in Spanish so that you perform not have actually any kind of even more problems through tan and also tanto?
Then sit down and relax. It is time to obtain poetic!
The Spanish tan and also tanto are two little bit words you have actually more than likely checked out a couple of times currently.
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They are supplied to make equality comparisons. That is, we use them once we want to say that 2 civilization, objects, pets, thoughts, actions or any various other couple of points are equal in some respect.
If you have currently stupassed away the distinction between mi (my) and mío (mine), bueno (good) and bien (well) or malo (bad
Tan and also tanto are one such couple, and this post is going to teach you everything tbelow is to know around them.
But prior to going right into detail, let’s answer a pair of questions: What are they and also once are they used?
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What Is the Spanish Tan and When Is It Used?
Tan is not an English tan. A lot of my students have fallen for this false friend the initially time they experienced it and also their faces looked like Picassos on a bad day as soon as they mistakenly interpreted a sentence choose Es tan alto como tú (He is as tall as you) into *He is tanned tall as you. (Wait, what!?)
No one is gaining tanned this particular day, though.
Tan is a Spanish adverb, and a very crucial one that means “as” once making comparisons.
As an adverb, it is invariable, which suggests it does not issue if it is accompanying a masculine singular adjective or a feminine plural one. It will constantly remain tan:
María es tan guapa como Juana. (María is as pretty as Juana.)
Los vasos boy tan caros como los tenedores. (The glasses are as expensive as the forks.)
You will certainly have actually much even more details on tan in a few paragraphs, however as you might infer from what has been said currently, tan loves the company of adjectives, and also exceptionally regularly the word como (as, like) will certainly appear when making the comparison.
What Is the Spanish Tanto and also When Is It Used?
On the various other hand also, tanto is an adjective.
This may shock you if you know its interpretation is “as much/as many type of,” yet that is the reality.
You are more than likely used to seeing adjectives like blanco and its siblings blanca, blancos and blancas, or grande and its sibling grandes. They qualify a noun, you feel safe and at house. They are adjectives.
Tanto may not look favor your next-door, friendly adjective, yet if you acquire to know it a small bit better, you will certainly learn that it also has siblings and they are indeed a really important family of adjectives in Spanish if you desire to make comparisons:
Tienes tanto dinero como Andrea. (You have actually as much money as Andrea.)
Como tanta fruta como mi hermano. (I eat as a lot fruit as my brother.)
Tenemos tantos coches como Pedro. (We have actually as many cars as Pedro.)
Quieren tantas piscinas como sus vecinos. (They want as many swimming pools as their next-door neighbors.)
You will certainly obtain to recognize these variants of tanto much better in the adhering to paragraphs. For now, just bear in mind the tanto family loves nouns and likewise has an extremely close friendship with como.
Now that you understand today’s 2 heroes, let’s gain down to the nitty-gritty of it all and learn everything around them.
Get prepared to be compared to a native Spanish speaker after you complete this post!The Spanish Tan vs. Tanto: Master Comparisons of Ehigh quality Like a Poet
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Use Tan to Compare Adjectives and also Adverbs
As we saw in the arrival of this post, tan is the word we use as soon as we have actually comparisons that incorporate an adjective. The same is true for adverbs, also.
Use tan as soon as you should compare two people, objects or animals and want to say that they share a high quality (adjective) or they perform somepoint the exact same means (adverb).
Apart from remembering this, you need to not forgain about the word como, which likewise appears in this form of compariboy.
The simplest method to remember all the ingredients right here is via the usage of the following formula:
tan + adjetivo/adverbio + como (as + adjective/adverb + as)
One final point you have to bear in mind is the actions of adjectives in Spanish. Remember that they constantly have to agree in sex and also number with the noun they refer to!
All things considered, your Spanish adjective/adverb comparisons must look like this:
El agua es tan barata como la leche. (The water is as cheap as the milk.)
Los niños son tan altos como las niñas. (The boys are as tall as the girls.)
Las tortugas son tan viejas como esta casa. (The turtles are as old as this residence.)
La liebre corre tan rápiperform como el conejo. (The hare runs as rapid as the rablittle bit.)
María escribe tan hermosamente como Ana. (María writes as beautifully as Ana.)
If you have actually a case where you want to say that two civilization, objects or animals are not equal in some respect, the just point you need to perform is negate the verb by including no in front of it:
El zumo no es tan caro como el agua. (The juice is not as expensive as the water.)
Los niños no kid tan rápidos como las niñas. (The boys are not as rapid as the girls.)
Esta casa no es tan grande como la mía. (This residence is not as massive as mine.)
El conejo no corre tan grácilmente como la liebre. (The rablittle doesn’t run as gracefully as the hare.)
Ana no escribe tan lentamente como María. (Ana doesn’t write as slowly as María.)
Use Tanto to Compare Nouns
If you desire to compare nouns, you need to use tanto and its siblings rather of tan.
Just like every Spanish adjective, the sibling you usage will certainly depend on the sex and also variety of the noun you are trying to compare.
tanto for masculine, singular (uncountable) nouns
tanta for feminine, singular (uncountable) nouns
tantos for masculine, plural nouns
tantas for feminine, plural nouns
I pointed out in the arrival that this family of adjectives has a close friendship with the word como as well, so bear this in mind when trying to remember the formula for comparing nouns:
tanto/a/os/as + sustantivo + como (as much/many type of + noun + as)
The just thing left now is to take a look at some examples:
Bebo tanto té como tú. (I drink as a lot tea as you.)
Tenemos tanta suerte como ellos. (We have as a lot luck as them.)
Pepe lee tantos libros como Miranda. (Pepe reads as many kind of publications as Miranda.)
Mamá necesita tantas pistas como tú. (Mom needs as many kind of ideas as you.)
Just like when we usage tan, we deserve to negate the sentences by simply including no in front of the verb:
Tú no bebes tanto café como él. (You don’t drink as a lot coffee as him.)
Ellos no tienen tanta suerte como yo. (They don’t have as much luck as me.)
Miranda no lee tantos libros como Pedro. (Miranda doesn’t check out as many publications as Pedro.)
Tú no necesitas tantas pistas como Anna. (You don’t require as many hints as Anna.)
Use Tanto Como to Compare Verbs
Yes! You deserve to compare actions, too! Or rather, you can say that 2 people or animals perform somepoint the exact same method, or with the same intensity, or in equal amounts—simply to name a pair of cases.
The just thing you will certainly require here is a verb (obviously) and also the words tanto como, together and also after the verb, always!
Watch out, though! Tanto here is not an adjective, so it is invariable.
The formula this time is:
verbo + tanto como + verbo/sustantivo (verb + as much as verb/noun)
Have a look at some examples:
María come tanto como Pedro. (María eats as a lot as Pedro.)
Juan no estudia tanto como César. (Juan doesn’t examine as much as César.)
Yo no juego tanto como debería. (I don’t play as much as I need to.)
Ella no cocina tanto como limpia. (She doesn’t cook as a lot as she cleans.)
Special Cases for Using Tan and Tanto
Even though you already understand almost every little thing about tan and tanto and also their duty in equality comparisons, tright here are a pair of one-of-a-kind situations wright here they behave in a different way or are accompanied by words other than como.
Here is a list of the the majority of vital cases:
tan + adjetivo/adverbio + que (as/so + adjective/adverb + that)
Use this formula once you want to make a deduction or affirmation about someone or something:
Juan es tan inteligente que se aburre en clase. (Juan is so intelligent that he gets bored in class.)
El libro es tan caro que nadie lo quiere comprar. (The book is so expensive that no one wants to buy it.)
tanto/a/os/as + sustantivo + que (as/so much/many type of + noun + that)
Use this building as soon as you want to say “so much/many type of of somepoint that somepoint happens as a result”:
Comió tanta pizza que se puso enfermo. (He ate so much pizza he gained sick.)
Había tanta gente que tuvieron que cerrar el puente. (Tbelow were so many kind of people they had actually to cshed the bridge.)
tanto + noun + como + noun
Use this formula as soon as you desire to say that both A and B execute something:
Tanto Pedro como Juan leen mucho. (Both Pedro and also Juan review a lot.)
Tanto el vaso como el tenedor costaron 20 dólares. (Both the glass and also the fork price $20.)
Tanto Gracita como Antonio child muy felices. (Both Gracita and Antonio are incredibly happy.)
And that’s all for now, folks!
As you have the right to view, tan and also tanto are bit but effective words that can aid you build etop quality comparisons in Spanish in the bconnect of an eye.
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If you remember tan is an adverb (which renders it invariable) and tanto is an adjective (which implies it has actually three siblings that agree in sex and also number through the noun they accompany) you should not have any type of problem once you must make comparisons of equality in Spanish.
You now have actually all the info you must compare adjectives, adverbs, nouns and also verbs, so take a pencil and a piece of paper and start practicing what you have actually simply learned!
Stay incomparable, my friends, and also as always, happy learning!
Download: This blog write-up is obtainable as a convenient and portable PDF that you deserve to take anywhere. Click here to gain a copy. (Download)