The Hebrew word for "electricity" is chashmalחשמל. That is originally a biblical word, just appearing three times (all in the book of Yechezkel). Without a doubt at that time it didn"t suppose electricity. So how did the modern-day definition come about?
These are the 3 verses:
וָאֵרֶא וְהִנֵּה רוּחַ סְעָרָה בָּאָה מִן־הַצָּפוֹן עָנָן גָּדוֹל וְאֵשׁ מִתְלַקַּחַת וְנֹגַהּ לוֹ סָבִיב וּמִתּוֹכָהּ כְּעֵין הַחַשְׁמַל מִתּוֹךְ הָאֵשׁ׃
I looked, and also lo, a stormy wind came sweeping out of the north—a huge cloud and also flashing fire, surrounded by a radiance; and in the center of it, in the facility of the fire, a gleam as of amber. (1:4)
וָאֵרֶא כְּעֵין חַשְׁמַל כְּמַרְאֵה־אֵשׁ בֵּית־לָהּ סָבִיב מִמַּרְאֵה מָתְנָיו וּלְמָעְלָה וּמִמַּרְאֵה מָתְנָיו וּלְמַטָּה רָאִיתִי כְּמַרְאֵה־אֵשׁ וְנֹגַהּ לוֹ סָבִיב׃
From what appeared as his loins up, I witnessed a gleam as of amber—what looked prefer a fire encased in a frame; and also from what showed up as his loins dvery own, I experienced what looked choose fire. Tright here was a radiance all about him. (1:27)
וָאֶרְאֶה וְהִנֵּה דְמוּת כְּמַרְאֵה־אֵשׁ מִמַּרְאֵה מָתְנָיו וּלְמַטָּה אֵשׁ וּמִמָּתְנָיו וּלְמַעְלָה כְּמַרְאֵה־זֹהַר כְּעֵין הַחַשְׁמַלָה׃
As I looked, tright here was a figure that had actually the appearance of fire: from what appeared as his loins down,
In all 3 of these verses the word hashmalis interpreted as "amber." This is based on the primitive Greek translation, the Septuagint, which supplied the Greek word elektron, definition "amber." This tradition is in contrast to one found in the Talmud (Hagiga 13a-b), which claims that chashmal is a kind of angel. In any type of case, considering that the visions are explained as being "like" chashmal or having actually the color of chashmal, we can"t conclusively say what it was from these verses, although it was most likely somepoint particularly radiant. The Akkadian cognate, elmesu, according to Tawil, describes a "priceless rock via the characteristic sparkle and also brilliancy of fire."
Elektron(electrum in Latin) referred to an alloy of gold and also silver. The exact same word was likewise used to describe amber (the tree resin), bereason of the similar shade. Rubbing amber provides an electric charge, and so once the phenomenon of electrical energy was defined, the scientists turned to the Greek and Latin terms for amber to coin the word "electrical."
The Hebrew poet Judah Leib Gordon adhered to the exact same logic roughly 1880, as soon as he said to use chashmalto describe electrical energy too.
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Due to the rabbinic association of chashmalwith angels, and the esoteric nature of Yechezkel"s prophecy, tbelow were many type of that opposed this secular usage of chashmal. (An alternate idea at the moment was bazak -בזק "lightning.")But as we"ve discovered many type of times over the years, language has actually a power of its own, and also chashmalis universally offered in Hebrew today to refer to electricity.
And if you"re curious, modern Hebrew has actually a different word to describe "amber" - ענבר inbar.This word is borrowed from the Arabic anbar, as is the English word "amber." (However, as debated below, it initially entered Hebrew by means of European languages, and also was spelled אמברא or אמבער, and also just later on started to be spelled ענבר to enhance the original Arabic.) The etymology of anbaris unclear. Some say that the Arabic word originates from Persian, and others say that the comparable Persian word originates from Arabic.
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Inbar is mainly heard now as a girl"s name. It remained in the top 50 girls names in the late 1980s and also early 1990s, so as of this writing, you"re many most likely to uncover it supplied by womales around 30 years old.