• Total7,211 • Density453.5/sq mi (175.02/km2)Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern) • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)ZIP code
Area code(s)351 / 978FIPS code25-61590GNIS attribute ID0618234Websitehttp://www.shirley-ma.gov/

Shirley is a tvery own in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. It is about fifty miles west-northwest of Boston. The population was 7,211 at the 2010 census. The town has a well-kept historical New England also town center.

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It is home to the Massachusetts Correctional Institution – Shirley, a medium-protection state prison. (The neighboring maximum-defense Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center lies just outside the tvery own boundaries in the town of Lancaster.) The remains of a Shaker village have actually been kept within the grounds of the prikid.


Contents


History


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Old Town Hall

The residents at the moment of European enrespond to were Nipmuc (or Pennacook) Indians, who referred to as the area Catacunemaug. Once component of "The Plantation of Groton," Shirley was initially settled by English pioneers around 1720.


In 1753 it separated from Groton and also was included, called in honor of William Shirley, governor of Massachusetts (1741–1757). A paper mill was constructed below about 1790 and in 1812 Shirley established the initially of seven cotton mills. Other regional commodities had iron, nails, textiles, rope, belts, suspenders, and athletic devices. Two of the large 19th-century mill buildings have been subdivided and also adapted for usage by 21st-century businesses.


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Shirley Shaker Village in 1884

A utopian spiritual community, Shirley Shaker Village, was established in Shirley in 1793. The Shakers supported pacifism, common building, celibacy and communal living. They are renowned for their ordinary design and also furniture. The Shaker motion peaked in the 1840s, however slowly dwindled, perhaps bereason of better employment avenues readily available by the Industrial Revolution, or bereason doing well generations thrived less tolerant of the Shaker church"s insistence on self-abnegation. Shirley Shaker Village closed in 1908.

A medium-security state priboy was built on land also surrounding the continues to be of the Shaker village in Shirley, and continues to run. The town also operates an Elderly Center located at 9 Parker Roadway.

Geography

The town has a total area of 15.9 square miles (41.2 km²), of which 15.8 square miles (41.0 km²) is land also and also 0.1 square mile (0.2 km²) (0.50%) is water. It is bounded by the Squannacook and also Nashua rivers and has Mulpus Brook and also Catecunemaug Brook. Significant wetlands are Spruce Swamp (drained by Spruce Swamp Brook) and Tophet Swamp.

Demographics

See also: List of Massachusetts areas by per capita incomeHistorical populationYearPop.±%18501860187018801890190019101920193019401950196019701980199020002010
1,158
1,468+26.8%
1,451−1.2%
1,305−10.1%
1,191−8.7%
1,680+41.1%
2,139+27.3%
2,260+5.7%
2,427+7.4%
2,608+7.5%
4,271+63.8%
5,202+21.8%
4,909−5.6%
5,124+4.4%
6,118+19.4%
6,373+4.2%
7,211+13.1%
* = population estimate.Source: United States Census documents and also Population Quotes Program data.

This short article defines the tvery own of Shirley all at once. More demographic information is obtainable which describes just the central settlement or village within the tvery own, although that detail is contained in the aggregate worths reported below. See: Shirley (CDP), Massachusetts.

As of the census of 2000, tright here were 6,373 people, 2,067 family members, and 1,426 families residing in the town. The populace thickness was 402.7 civilization per square mile (155.5/km²). Tbelow were 2,156 real estate devices at an average density of 136.2 per square mile (52.6/km²). The racial makeup of the tvery own was 83.90% White, 6.72% Black or African Amerideserve to, 0.47% Native Amerihave the right to, 2.10% Oriental, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 5.12% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.86% of the population.

There were 2,067 family members out of which 34.2% had jiyuushikan.org under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder via no husband current, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.4% of all families were consisted of of people and also 8.7% had someone living alone that was 65 years of age or older. The average family dimension was 2.55 and also the average household size was 3.09.

In the town, the populace was spcheck out out through 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 39.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% that were 65 years of age or older. The media period was 37 years. For every 100 females tright here were 137.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 151.8 males.

The median earnings for a family members in the town was $53,344, and the median revenue for a household was $66,250. Males had actually a median revenue of $42,078 versus $32,130 for females. The per capita revenue for the tvery own was $20,556. About 1.9% of households and also 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

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Parks

Benjamin Hill Recreation AreaFredonian Nature CenterWhitley Park

Points of interest

Shirley Historical Society MuseumMassachusetts Correctional Institution - Shirley, a medium/minimum security state prikid.Shirley Senior Center

Transportation

Commuter rail company from Boston"s North Station is offered by the MBTA through a stop in Shirley on its Fitchburg Line. The Montachusett Regional Transit Authority (MART) offers Councils-On-Aging service for elderly and also disabled citizens.