Box plots (likewise dubbed box-and-whisker plots or box-whisker plots) provide a good graphical photo of the concentration of the data. They additionally present how much the excessive values are from most of the information. A box plot is built from 5 values: the minimum worth, the first quartile (Q1), the median (Q2), the 3rd quartile (Q3), and also the maximum value. We use these values to compare exactly how close other information values are to them.

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To construct a box plot, use a horizontal or vertical number line and a rectangular box. The smallest and largest data worths label the endpoints of the axis. The first quartile marks one end of package and the third quartile marks the other end of package. Approximately the middle 50 percent of the information fall inside the box. The “whiskers” extfinish from the ends of package to the smallest and largest data worths. The median or second quartile have the right to be in between the first and third quartiles, or it deserve to be one, or the other, or both. The box plot offers an excellent, quick image of the information.


You may encounter box-and-whisker plots that have actually dots noting outlier values. In those situations, the whiskers are not extending to the minimum and also maximum worths.

Consider, aobtain, this datacollection.

1 1 2 2 4 6 6.8 7.2 8 8.3 9 10 10 11.5

The first quartile, Q1 is 2.The median, Q2 is 7.The third quartile, Q3 is 9.The smallest value is 1.The largest worth is 11.5.

The following image mirrors the constructed box plot.


The two whiskers extfinish from the initially quartile to the smallest value and also from the third quartile to the biggest value. The median is presented via a dashed line.


It is important to start a box plot via a scaled number line. Otherwise the box plot may not be helpful.

Example 1

The adhering to information are the heights of 40 students in a statistics course.

59 60 61 62 62 63 63 64 64 64 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 66 66 67 67 68 68 69 70 70 70 70 70 71 71 72 72 73 74 74 75 77

Construct a box plot with the following properties; the calculator instructions for the minimum and also maximum values and also the quartiles follow the instance.

Minimum value = 59Maximum worth = 77Q1, First quartile = 64.5Q2, 2nd quartile or median= 66Q3, Third quartile = 70


Each quarter has actually roughly 25% of the information.The spreads of the 4 quarters are 64.5 – 59 = 5.5 (initially quarter), 66 – 64.5 = 1.5 (second quarter), 70 – 66 = 4 (third quarter), and also 77 – 70 = 7 (fourth quarter). So, the second quarter has actually the smallest spread and also the fourth quarter has the largest spreview.Range = maximum worth – the minimum value = 77 – 59 = 18Interquartile Range: IQR = Q3 – Q1 = 70 – 64.5 = 5.5.The interval 59–65 has more than 25% of the data so it has more information in it than the interval 66 with 70 which has 25% of the data.The middle 50% (middle half) of the information has actually a variety of 5.5 inches.

To find the minimum, maximum, and also quartiles:

Go into data into the list editor (Pres STAT 1:EDIT). If you should clear the list, arrow as much as the name L1, push CLEAR, and also then arrowhead down.Placed the data worths into the list L1.Press STAT and also arrowhead to CALC. Press 1:1-VarStats. Enter L1.Press ENTER.Use the down and also up arrowhead keys to scroll.Smallest worth = 59.Largest value = 77.Q1: First quartile = 64.5.Q2: Second quartile or median = 66.Q3: Third quartile = 70.

To construct the box plot:

Press 4:Plotsoff. Press ENTER.Arrow dvery own and then use the appropriate arrowhead key to go to the fifth photo, which is the box plot. Press ENTER.Arrow dvery own to Xlist: Press 2nd 1 for L1Arrow dvery own to Freq: Press ALPHA. Press 1.Press Zoom. Press 9: ZoomStat.Press TRACE, and also use the arrow tricks to study the box plot.

Try It

The complying with information are the variety of peras in 40 books on a shelf.

Construct a box plot making use of a graphing calculator, and also state the interquartile variety.


IQR = 158

This video describes what descriptive statistics are required to create a box and whisker plot.

For some sets of information, some of the largest value, smallest value, first quartile, median, and also 3rd quartile may be the exact same. For circumstances, you could have actually a documents set in which the median and the 3rd quartile are the very same. In this instance, the diagram would not have actually a dotted line inside package displaying the median. The appropriate side of the box would certainly screen both the 3rd quartile and the median. For example, if the smallest value and the initially quartile were both one, the median and the 3rd quartile were both five, and the largest value was salso, package plot would look like:


In this instance, at leastern 25% of the worths are equal to one. 25% of the worths are in between one and five, inclusive.At leastern 25% of the values are equal to 5. The height 25% of the values loss between five and salso, inclusive.

Example 2

Test scores for a college statistics class held throughout the day are:

Test scores for a college statistics course held in the time of the evening are:

Find the smallest and largest worths, the median, and the first and 3rd quartile for the day class.

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Find the smallest and also largest values, the median, and also the first and 3rd quartile for the night course.