HomeInventoryPaintingSculptureDesignArtists Learn Art Schools Art Terminology - a glossary Bronze Casting Process - shed wax SoldContact
*

ABSTRACT

Not realistic, though the intention is frequently based upon an actual subject, location, or feeling. Pure abstraction can be interpreted as any kind of art in which the depiction of genuine objects has actually been entirely discarded and also whose aesthetic content is expressed in a formal pattern or framework of shapes, lines and colors. When the depiction of actual objects is completely absent, such art may be dubbed non-objective.

You are watching: Sculpture is a _________- dimensional media.

ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM

1940"s New York painting movement based on Abstract Art. This kind of painting is frequently referred to as action paint.

ACCENT

Emphasis offered to specific facets in a paint which renders them lure even more attention.Details that define an item or piece of art.

ACRYLIC

A fast drying paint which is easy to remove through mineral spirits; a plastic substance typically supplied as a binder for paints.

ACTION PAINTING

Any paint style calling for vigorous physical activity; specifically, Abstract Expressionism. Examples incorporate the New York School art movement and also the occupational of Jackson Pollock.

AERIAL PERSPECTIVE

Capturing the earth’s setting by making use of paint techniques that make remote objects show up to have much less shade, texture, and also difference.

AESTHETIC

Pertaining to the beautiful, as opposed to the helpful, clinical, or emotional. An aesthetic response is an appreciation of such beauty.

ALKYD

Synthetic resin supplied in paints and mediums. As a tool works as a binder that encapsulates the pigment and speeds the drying time.

ALLA PRIMA

Technique in which the last surconfront of a paint is completed in one sitting, without under paint. Italian for "at the first".

ANALOGOUS COLORS

Colors that are very closely associated, or near each other on the color spectrum. Especially those in which we have the right to watch widespread hues.

AQUATINT

A print produced by the same approach as an etching, except that the locations in between the etched lines are covered via a powdered resin that protects the surchallenge from the biting procedure of the acid bath. The granular appearance that results in the print aims at approximating the effects and also gray tonalities of a watershade drawing.

ARCHIVAL

Refers to materials that fulfill certain criteria for permanence such as lignin-free, pH neutral, alkaline-buffered, secure in light, and so on.

ARMATURE

A rigid framework, regularly lumber or steel, offered to assistance a sculpture or other huge occupational while it is being made.

ART DECO

An art style of the 1920s and also 1930s based upon modern products (steel, chrome, glass).A style characterized by recurring, geometric patterns of curves and lines.

ART NOUVEAU

An art style of the late 1800"s featuring curving, frequently swirling forms based upon organic creates.

ARTIST"S PROOF

An Artist"s Proof is one exterior the constant edition. By tradition, the artist retains the A/Ps for his personal use or sale.

ASSEMBLAGE

The approach of producing a sculpture by joining together individual pieces or segments, occasionally “found” objects that initially offered one more function.

ATELIER

French term for "artist’s workshop."

ATMOSPHERIC PERSPECTIVE

A device for arguing 3 - dimensional depth on a two-dimensional surface. Forms expected to be perceived as remote from the viewer are blurred, inunique, misty and also frequently bluer.

AVANT-GARDE

A team energetic in the innovation and also application of brand-new ideas and approaches in an original or speculative way. A team of practitioners and/or advocates of a new art develop may also be referred to as avant-garde. Some avant-garde functions are intfinished to shock those that are accustomed to traditional, establiburned layouts.

BAROQUE

A theatrical style typically connected through European art and design ca. 1550-1750, identified by a lot ornamentation and also curved fairly than straight lines; gaudily ornate.

BAS RELIEF

Sculpture in which figures project only slightly from a background, as on a coin. Also known as low relief sculpture.

BAUHAUS

A style college established by Wtransform Gropius in 1919 in Germany kind of. The Bauhaus attempted to accomplish reconciliation in between the aesthetics of style and also the more commercial requirements of commercial mass manufacturing. Artists include Klee, Kandinsky, and Feininger.

BEAUX-ARTS

A institution of fine arts located in Paris, which stressed the need of scholastic paint.

BINDER

A substance in paints that reasons particles of pigment to adbelow to one another and also to a

assistance such as oil or acrylic.

BRONZE

An alloy of copper and also tin, sometimes containing little proportions of various other aspects such as zinc or phosphorus. It is stronger, harder, and more durable than brass, and also has been used most broadly considering that antiquity for cast sculpture. Bronze alloys vary in shade from a silexceptionally hue to a affluent, coppery red. UNITED STATE typical bronze is created of 90% copper, 7% tin, and 3% zinc.

BRUSHWORK

The characteristic method each artist brushes paint onto a assistance.

BURNISHING

The act of rubbing greenware (clay) through any smooth tool to polish it, and also tighten the surchallenge.

CALLIGRAPHY

In printing and also illustration a cost-free and rhythmic usage of line to accentuate architecture. It is seen at its ideal in Japanese wood-block prints and also Chinese scrolls. Also, fine, stylized handcomposing using quills, brushes or pens via ink.

CANVAS

Closely wrange fabric used as a support for paintings.

CARTOON

1. A basic illustration via humorous or satirical content.

2. A preliminary illustration for any kind of big job-related such as a mural or tapesattempt.

CASTING

The procedure of making a sculpture or other object by pouring liquid material such as clay, steel or plastic into a mold and allowing it to harden, thereby taking on the shape of the confining mold.

CERAMICS

The art of making objects of clay and also firing them in a kiln. Wares of earthenware and also porcelain, and sculpture are made by ceramists. Enamel is likewise a ceramic method. Ceramic products may be decorated through slip, engobe, or glaze, applied by any kind of variety of techniques. Sculpture usually made by coil, slab, or various other hand-operated approach.

CHIAROSCURO

In illustration, painting, and the graphic arts, chiaroscuro (ke-ära-skooro) refers to the rendering of creates with a balanced contrast between light and also dark locations.The strategy that was introduced throughout the Renaissance, is effective in producing an illusion of depth and also space about the primary figures in a complace. Leonarcarry out Da Vinci and Rembrandt were painters who excelled in the use of this strategy.

CLASSICAL STYLE

In Greek art, the style of the 5th century B.C. Loosely, the term “classical” is frequently used to all the art of primitive Greece and Rome, and to any type of art based on logical, rational values and delibeprice complace.

COILING

A technique of developing ceramic or sculpture from rolls of clay that are smoothed together to form the sides of a jar or pot.

COLLAGE

A occupational of art made by pasting various materials such as bits of paper, fabric, and so on. onto a item of paper, board or canvas.

COLOR FIELD PAINTING

A style of painting influential from the 1950s through the 1970s, featuring huge “fields” or locations of shade, expected to evoke an aesthetic or emotional response via the color alone.

COLOR WHEEL

A circular grid that represents the colors based on shade theory. This grid plainly mirrors the relationships colors have with each other (complimentary, oppowebsite, and so on.).

COMPLIMENTARY COLORS

Hues straight oppowebsite one another on the shade wheel and also therefore assumed to be as different from one one more as possible. When put side by side, complementary colors are intensified; when combined together, they create a neutral (or gray) color.

COMPOSITION

The company, design or placement of the individual elements in a job-related of art. The aim is to accomplish balance and proportionality. Typically used to two-dimensional art.

CONCEPTUAL ART

An art create in which the underlying principle or concept and the procedure through which it is completed are more essential than any tangible product.

CONSTRUCTION

An art work-related that is actually assembled or developed on the premises where it is to be displayed. Many constructions are intended to be momentary and are disassembled after the exhibition is over.

CONTE

Originally it was a profession name for a brand also of French crayons made from a distinct compound of pigments through a chalk binder. Conte crayons are free from grease, making them acceptable for lithographic illustration.

CONTEMPORARY ART

Usually identified as art that has actually been produced since the second half of the twentieth century.

CONTENT

The message conveyed by a work of art - its subject issue and also whatever before the artist hopes to convey by that subject issue.

CONTOUR

A line that creates a boundary separating an area of space or object from the area around it.

CONTRAPPOSTO

Literally, “counterpoise.” A method of showing the humale figure, particularly in sculpture, often completed by placing the weight on one foot and turning the shoulder so the figure appears peaceful and also mobile. The result is regularly a graceful S-curve.

CONVERGING

Lines that go towards the same point.

COOL COLORS

Those that suggest a feeling of coolness. Blue , Green , Violet

CRAFTSMANSHIP

Aptitude, ability, and also hands-on dexterity in the use of tools and also products.

CROSS-HATCHING

An area of carefully spaced lines intersecting one an additional, supplied to produce a feeling of three-dimensionality on a flat surchallenge, especially in illustration and printmaking. See additionally hatching, stippling.

CUBISM

A style of art pioneered in the beforehand 20th century by Pablo Picasso and also Georges Braque. In the many arisen develop of Cubism, forms are fragmentized right into planes or geometric facets, choose the facets in a diamond; these planes are rearranged to foster a pictorial, however not naturalistic, reality; creates might be perceived concurrently from numerous vantage points; figure and also background have actually equal importance; and the colors are deliberately limited to a range of neutrals.

CURVILINEAR

Stressing the use of curved lines as opposed to rectilinear which stresses directly lines.

DADA

A movement that arised throughout World War I in Europe that purported to be anti-whatever, also anti-art. Dada poked fun at all the establimelted traditions and tastes in art via works that were deliberately shocking, vulgar, and also nonsensical.

DECOUPAGE

The act of cutting out paper deindicators and applying them to a surconfront to make an everywhere collage.

DESIGN

The planned organization of lines, forms, masses, colors, textures, and also room in a job-related of art. In two-dimensional art, regularly referred to as composition.

DISTORTION

Any readjust made by an artist in the dimension, position, or basic character of forms based upon visual perception, when those develops are arranged right into a pictorial image. Any individual or subjective interpretation of natural forms must necessarily involve a level of distortion.

DOMINANCE

The principle of visual company which argues that particular facets have to assume even more prestige than others in the very same complace. It contributes to the organic unity by emphasizing the truth that tright here is one main attribute and also that various other elements are subordinate to it.

DRYPOINT

An intaglio printmaking approach, comparable to engraving, in which a sharp needle is supplied to attract on a steel plate, increasing a thin ridge of metal that creates a soft line as soon as the plate is published. Also, the resultant print.

DYNAMIC

Giving an result of activity, vitality, or power.

EARTHENWARE

Ceramic ware, generally coarse and reddish in shade, fired in the lowest temperature ranges. Used for domestic ware, glazed or unglazed.

EDITION

In bronze sculpture and printmaking, the number of pieces/imperiods made from a solitary mold/plate and authorized by the artist.

ENCAUSTIC

Literally, to burn in. A painting technique in which the pigment is combined through melted wax and resin and then used to a surchallenge while warm.

ENGRAVING

Printmaking approach in which a sharp tool (burin) is offered to scrape lines into a hard surconfront such as steel or timber.

ENVIRONMENTAL ART

1. Art that is big sufficient for viewers to enter and relocate around in.

2. Art designed for display screen in the outdoor environment.

3. Art that actually transdevelops the organic landscape.

ETCHING

The technique of reproducing a style by coating a metal plate via wax and drawing with a sharp instrument referred to as a stylus pen through the wax down to the metal. The plate is put in an acid bath, which eats amethod the incised lines; it is then heated to dissolve the wax and finally inked and published on paper. The resulting print is dubbed the etching.

EXPRESSIONISM

Any art that stresses the artist’s emotional and also mental reactivity to subject matter, often with bold colors and also distortions of form. Specifically, an art style of the beforehand 20th century adhered to principally by particular Gerguy artists.

FAUVISM

A brief lived paint style in at an early stage 20th century France, which featured bold, clashing, arbitrary colors - colors unrelated to the appearance of creates in the natural people. Henri Matisse was its best-recognized practitioner. Words fauve indicates “wild beast.”

FIGURE - GROUND

In two-dimensional art, the connection in between the primary develops and the background. Figure-ground ambiguity suggests equal prominence for the two.

FINE ART

An art develop developed mainly as an aesthetic expression to be took pleasure in for its very own sake. The viewer must be prepared to search for the intent of the artist as the all-essential first action towards communication and also energetic participation.

FIRING

Heating pottery or sculpture in a kiln or open up fire to carry the clay to maturity. The temperature needed to mature the clay varies through the kind of body provided. Also, heating glazed ware to the necessary point to reason the glaze to mature.

FIXATIVE

A solution, commonly of shellac and alcohol, sprayed onto illustrations, to prevent their smudging or crumbling off the assistance.

FOLK ART

Primitive art, by an untrained artist that paints in the common tradition of his community and also mirrors the life style of the civilization.Also called ‘Outsider art’ & ‘Art brut’.

FORESHORTENING

A strategy of showing develops on a two-dimensional surchallenge so that they show up to task or recede from the image aircraft.

FORGING

Shaping steel with hammers while it is hot; the approach for making wrought iron.

FORM

1. The physical appearance of a job-related of art - its materials, style, and complace.

2. Any identifiable shape or mass, as a “geometric create.”

FRESCO

A painting method in which the pigments are spread in plain water and used to a damp plaster wall. The wall becomes the binder, as well as the assistance.

FUTURISM

Art movement started in Italy in 1909 and lasting only a few years. Futurism focused on the dynamic top quality of contemporary technical life, emphasizing speed and activity.

GENRE

Art that depicts the casual moments of everyday life and also its surroundings.

GEOMETRIC SHAPES

Shapes created by specific mathematical regulation.

GESSO

A white ground material for preparing rigid supports for paint. made of a mixture of chalk, white pigment, and glue. Same name used to acrylic bound chalk and also pigment offered on versatile supports as well as rigid.

GLAZE

A incredibly thin, transparent colored paint applied over a formerly painted surface to transform the appearance and color of the surchallenge.In ceramics, washes applied to the clay body which, once fired to temperature, vitrify to create a thin, normally colored, glass layer.

GOTHIC

A style of style and also art leading in Europe from the 12th to the 1fifth century. Gothic architecture functions pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and often big locations of stained glass.

GOUACHE

Opaque watercolors used for illustrations.

GROUND

1. A substance used to a paint or drawing support in preparation for the pigmented product.

2. The preparatory substance offered as a coating for a printmaking plate.

3. The background in a job-related of two-dimensional art.

GREENWARE

Unfired pottery or sculpture.

HARD-EDGE PAINTING

A recent invention that originated in New York and also was embraced by certain contemporary painters. Forms are depicted via precise, geometric lines and also edges.

HARMONY

The unity of all the visual aspects of a composition achieved by repetition of the same attributes.

HATCHING

A technique of modeling, indicating tone and suggesting light and also shade in drawing or tempera painting, utilizing closely set parallel lines.

HORS COMMERCE

(‘Before commerce’) traditionally were the sculpture/graphics pulled with the continual edition, but were noted by the artist for business use only. These pieces were used for entering exhibitions and also competitions, however today, these they primarily are permitted into circulation through consistent channels.

HUE

The viewed shade of an item, figured out by a prevalent name such as red, orange, blue.

ICONOGRAPHY

Loosely, the “story” shown in a occupational of art; world, places, occasions, and various other images in a occupational, as well as the symbolism and conventions attached to those images by a specific religious beliefs or culture.

ILLUMINATION

Hand-attracted decoration or illustration in a manuscript, particularly prevalent in medieval art.

IMPASTO

A thick, juicy application of paint to canvas or other support; emphasizes texture, as distinguiburned from a smooth flat surchallenge.

IMPRESSIONISM

A paint technique in which the artist concentprices on the changing effects of light and also shade. Often this style can be characterized by its use of disconstant brush strokes and also hefty impasto.

INLAY

In woodfunctioning, a technique in which tiny pieces of lumber, often with varying grains and colours, are glued together to make a pattern.

INTENSITY

The degree of purity or brilliance of a shade. Also known as chroma or saturation.

KINETIC ART

Kinetic art is art that incorporates motion as component of its expression – either mechanically, by hand also, or by herbal forces.

KILN

A heater or cooktop built of heat-resistant materials for firing pottery, glass and sculpture.

LANDSCAPE

A generalization for any kind of artist’s depiction of herbal scenery.Figures and various other objects have to be of additional prestige to the composition and also incidental to the content.

LINE

A note made by an instrument as it is drawn across a surconfront.

LINEAR PERSPECTIVE

A approach of portraying three-dimensional depth on a level or two-dimensional surface.Liclose to perspective has actually two major precepts: 1. Forms that are expected to be regarded as far ameans from the viewer are made smaller than those meant to be viewed as close 2. Parallel lines receding into the distance converge at a allude on the horizon line known as the vanishing point.

LITHOGRAPHY - LITHOGRAPH

A printing procedure in which a surconfront, as stone or sheet aluminum, is treated so that the ink adheres only to the sections that are to be printed. The resulting image is a lithograph or a lithographic print

LOST WAX

A approach of developing a wax mold of a sculpture and then heating the mold to melt out the wax and replacing it with a molten metal or resin. (view our web page on Bronze Casting).

MANIFESTO

In art, a public declaration or exposition in print of the theories and also directions of a movement. The manifestos issued by miscellaneous individual artists or groups of artists, in the first fifty percent of the twentieth century served to expose their motivations and also raisons dâetre and also stimulated support for or reactions versus them.

MANNERISM

A term periodically used to art of late 1sixth at an early stage 17th century Europe, identified by a dramatic usage of area and light and also a propensity toward elongated figures.

MAQUETTE

In sculpture, a tiny model in wax or clay, made as a preliminary sketch, presented to the client for approval of the proposed occupational, or for entry in a competition. The Italian tantamount of the term is bozzetto, definition small sketch.

MASS

Three-dimensional develop, often implying mass, density and weight.

MATTE

Flat, non-glossy; having actually a dull surconfront appearance.

MEDIEVAL ART

The art of the Center Ages ca. 500 A.D. via the 1fourth century. The art produced immediately before the Renaissance.

MEDIUM

1. The material provided to create a occupational of art. 2. The binder for a paint, such as oil. 3. An expressive art develop, such as paint, drawing, or sculpture.

MINIMALISM

A style of paint and also sculpture in the mid 20th century in which the art elements are rendered through a minimum of lines, forms, and sometimes color. The works might look and feel thin, spare, minimal or empty.

MIXED MEDIA

Descriptive of art that employs more than one tool – e.g., a occupational that combines paint, natural products (timber, pebbles, bones), and man made items (glass, plastic, metals) into a single picture or item of art.

MOBILE/STABILE

Terms coined to explain job-related produced by Alexander Calder. The mobile is a hanging, movable sculpture and the stabile rests on the ground however additionally might have actually relocating parts.

MODELLING

1. In sculpture, shaping a form in some plastic product, such as clay, wax, or plaster. 2. In drawing, paint, or printmaking, the illusion of three-dimensionality on a flat surface created by simulating results of light and shadow.

MONOCHROMATIC

Having just one shade. Descriptive of job-related in which one hue - possibly with variations of value and also intensity - predominates.

MONOTYPE

A one-of-a-kind print made by paint on a sheet or slab of glass and also moving the still-wet paint to a sheet of paper hosted firmly on the glass by rubbing the ago of the paper with a smooth implement, such as a large hardhardwood spoon. The paint may also be done on a polimelted plate, in which case it might be either printed by hand also or moved to the paper by running the plate and paper with an etching press.

MONTAGE

A image composed of other existing illustrations, images, photographs, newspaper clippings, and so on. that are arranged so they incorporate to develop a brand-new or original picture.A collage.

MOSAIC

An art create in which small pieces of tile, glass, or rock are fitted together and embedded right into a background to create a pattern or picture.

MURAL

Any large wall decoration done in paint, fresco, mosaic, or other tool.

MUSEUM

A building, area or institution devoted to the acquisition, conservation, study, exhibition and educational interpretation of objects having clinical, historical or artistic worth. The word Museum is derived from the Latin mprovides, definition "a resource of motivation," or "to be soaked up in one"s thoughts."

NARRATIVE PAINTING

A painting wright here a story line serves as a leading attribute.

NATURALISTIC

Descriptive of an artwork-related that very closely resembles forms in the organic human being.Synonymous through representational.

NEGATIVE SPACE

The space in a painting roughly the objects depicted.

NEOCLASSICISM

- “New” classicism - a style in 1nine century Western art that referred ago to the classical styles of Greece and also Rome. Neotimeless paintings have actually sharp outlines, scheduled emotions, delibeprice (regularly mathematical) composition, and cool colors.

NEO-EXPRESSIONISM

- “New” expressionism - a term initially applied to works done primarily by Germale and also Italian, that concerned maturity in the post-WWII era; and later on expanded (in the 1980’s) to include specific Amerideserve to artists. Neo- Expressionist functions depict intense eactivities and also symbolism, occasionally utilizing unconventional media and intense colors with stormy compositions and also topic matter.

NEUTRAL

Having no hue - babsence, white, or gray; sometimes a tannish color achieved by mixing two complementary colours.

NON-OBJECTIVE

Completely non-representational; pure design; totally abstract.

OP ART

Quick for Optical Art, a style popular in the 1960s that was based on optical values and also optical illusion. Op Art deals in complicated color interactions, to the suggest wbelow colors and also lines seem to vibrate before the eyes

OPTICAL COLOR MIXTURE

The tendency of the eyes to blend patches of individual colors put near one another so as to perceive a different, unified color. Also, any type of art style that exploits this tendency, particularly the pointillism of Georges Seurat.

ORGANIC

An picture that shows a relationship to nature as opposed to synthetic imperiods. Any shape that resembles a normally emerging create or that argues a organic prospering or widening procedure.

ORGANIC ART

An art create that emphasizes an item alive in its very own best and not contrived.

OVERLAP EFFECT

Spatial relationships are completed by placing one object in front of another. The object closest to the viewer blocks out the view of any component of any other object situated behind it (or, where the two objects overlap, the one in back is obscured).

PAINTERLY

Descriptive of paintings in which forms are characterized principally by shade areas, not by lines or edges. Wright here the artist"s brushstrokes are noticeable. Any image that looks as though it might have been created with the style or techniques provided by a painter.

PASTEL

A colored crayon that is composed of pigment blended through just sufficient of a aqueous binder to host it together; a work-related of art created by pastel crayons; the technique itself. Pastels differ according to the volume of chalk contained...the deepest in tone are pure pigment. Pastel is the easiest and purest approach of painting, given that pure color is offered without a fluid medium and also the crayons are applied directly to the pastel paper.

PATINA

A film or an incrustation, regularly green, that creates on copper and bronze after a particular duration of weathering and also as an outcome of the oxidation of the copper. Different chemical treatments will certainly also induce myriad colored patinas on brand-new Bronze works. Bronzes may further be painted with acrylic and lacquer.

See more: Why Do The Photographers Use A Polarizing Filter When Photographing The Waterfall?

PENTIMENTO

A condition of old paints wbelow lead-containing pigments have come to be even more transparent over time, revealing previously layers.