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Background

Ideal waste monitoring is a critical part of society’s public and also eco-friendly health. The Resource Conservation and Recoincredibly Act (RCRA), passed in 1976, produced the frame for America’s hazardous and non-hazardous waste administration programs. Materials regulated by RCRA are known as “solid wastes.” Only products that satisfy the interpretation of solid waste under RCRA deserve to be classified as hazardous wastes, which are subject to extra regulation. jiyuushikan.org developed detailed regulations that specify what products qualify as solid wastes and also hazardous wastes. Understanding the meaning of a solid waste is an important first step in the process jiyuushikan.org erected for generators to hazardous waste to follow once determining if the waste they produced is a regulated hazardous waste.

Some of the materials that would certainly otherwise fit the interpretations of a solid or hazardous waste under waste identification are particularly excluded from the interpretations. jiyuushikan.org concluded that these materials need to not be regulated as solid or hazardous wastes for a number of factors. Many exclusions are mandated in RCRA. jiyuushikan.org schosen other exclusions to provide an incentive to recycle certain materials, bereason tbelow was not enough indevelopment on the material to justify its regulation as a solid or hazardous waste, or because the product was already topic to regulation under another statute.

See Frequent Questions About Hazardous Waste Identification.

What is a Solid Waste?


State regulatory demands for generators may be more stringent than those in the federal program. Be sure to inspect your state"s plans.


RCRA claims that "solid waste" implies any kind of garbage or refusage, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air contamination regulate facility and also various other discarded material, resulting from commercial, commercial, mining, and also farming operations, and from neighborhood activities. Nearly every little thing we carry out leaves behind some type of waste.

It is vital to note that the definition of solid waste is not limited to wastes that are physically solid. Many solid wastes are liquid, semi-solid, or included gaseous product.

A solid waste is any kind of material that is discarded by being:

Abandoned: The term abandoned indicates thrvery own ameans. A material is abandoned if it is disposed of, shed, incinerated, or sham recycled.Inherently Waste-Like: Some products pose such a threat to huguy health and wellness and also the setting that they are always taken into consideration solid wastes; these materials are considered to be naturally waste-favor. Examples of inherently waste-choose materials incorporate particular dioxin-containing wastes.A Discarded Military Munition: Military munitions are all ammunition assets and components developed for or offered by the U.S. Djiyuushikan.orgrtment of Defense (DOD) or U.S. Armed Services for national defense and defense. Unoffered or defective munitions are solid wastes when:abandoned (i.e., disposed of, melted, incinerated) or treated prior to disposal;rendered nonrecyclable or nonusable via deterioration; orclaimed a waste by an authorized army official.Used (i.e., fired or detonated) munitions may likewise be solid wastes if accumulated for storage, recycling, treatment, or disposal.

Materials that do not meet this interpretation are not solid wastes and are not topic to RCRA regulation.

Wastes Excluded from Solid Waste Regulation


The 2018 Definition of Solid Waste Final Rule updates some the exclusions discovered in the table listed below. Discover even more.


Several materials are excluded from the meaning of solid waste. These materials are excluded for a range of factors, including public policy, economic impacts, regulation by other laws, absence of data, or impracticcapability of regulating the waste. The decision to exclude the complying with materials from the solid waste interpretation is an outcome of either Congressional action (embopassed away in the statute) or an jiyuushikan.org rulemaking.


A product cannot be a hazardous waste if it does not satisfy the definition of solid waste. Hence, wastes that are excluded from the interpretation of solid waste are not subject to RCRA inscription C hazardous waste regulation.

The table listed below has a summary of wastes which are excluded from the definition of solid waste and also the subsection of 40 CFR area 261.4(a) where you deserve to find more information around the exemption.

Wastes Which Are Not Solid Wastes40 CFR Citation for the Exclusion

Domestic Sewage and Mixtures of Domestic Sewage

§261.4(a)(1)

Point Source Discharge

§261.4(a)(2)

Irrigation Rerotate Flow

§261.4(a)(3)

Radioactive Waste

§261.4(a)(4)

In-Situ Mining

§261.4(a)(5)

Pulping Liquors

§261.4(a)(6)

Spent Sulfuric Acid

§261.4(a)(7)

Reclamation in Enclosed Tanks

§261.4(a)(8)

Spent Wood Preservatives

§261.4(a)(9)

Coke By-Product Wastes

§261.4(a)(10)

Splash Condenser Dross Residue

§261.4(a)(11)

Hazardous Secondary Materials From the Petroleum Refining Industry

§261.4(a)(12)
Excluded Scrap Metal§261.4(a)(13)

Shredded Circuit Boards

§261.4(a)(14)

Pulping Condensates Derived from Kraft Mill Steam Strippers

§261.4(a)(15)

Spent products generated within the primary mineral handling sector from which minerals, acids, cyanide, water, or various other worths are recovered by mineral handling or by beneficiation

§261.4(a)(17)

Petrochemical respanned oil from an associated organic chemical manufacturing facility

§261.4(a)(18)

Spent caustic solutions from petroleum refining liquid treating procedures provided as a feedstock to produce cresylic or naphthenic acid

§261.4(a)(19)
Hazardous secondary materials provided to make zinc fertilizers§261.4(a)(20)
Zinc fertilizers made from hazardous wastes, or excluded hazardous secondary materials§261.4(a)(21)
Used cathode ray tubes (CRTs)§261.4(a)(22)
Hazardous secondary product created and also legitimately reclaimed within the USA or its areas and under the regulate of the generator§261.4(a)(23)
Hazardous second product that is generated and then moved for the objective of reclamation is not a solid waste§261.4(a)(24)
Solvent-contaminated wipes that are sent out for cleaning and also reuse are not solid wastes from the suggest of generation§261.4(a)(26)
Hazardous additional material that is created and also then moved to another perboy for the purpose of reproduction is not a solid waste§261.4(a)(27)

Wastes Excluded from Hazardous Waste Regulation

jiyuushikan.org excludes particular solid wastes from the interpretation of hazardous waste. If a product meets an exclusion from the interpretation of hazardous waste, it is not regulated as a hazardous waste, also if the product technically meets a listing or exhibits a characteristic that would typically satisfy this interpretation.

See more: Solved:Explain Why Do Metals Tend To Form Cations ? Why Do Most Metals Tend To Form Cations

The table below contains a summary of solid wastes which are excluded from the meaning of hazardous waste and also the subarea of 40 CFR section 261.4(b) wright here you can find even more information about the exemption.

Solid Wastes Which Are Not Hazardous WastesCFR Citation for the Exclusion
Houseorganize Hazardous Waste§261.4(b)(1)
Agrisocial Waste§261.4(b)(2)
Mining Overburden§261.4(b)(3)
Fossil Fuel Combustion Waste (Bevill)§261.4(b)(4)
Oil, Gas, and also Geothermal Wastes (Bentsen Amendment)§261.4(b)(5)
Trivalent Chromium Wastes§261.4(b)(6)
Mining and also Mineral Processing Wastes (Bevill)§261.4(b)(7)
Cement Kiln Dust (Bevill)§261.4(b)(8)
Arsenical-Treated Wood§261.4(b)(9)
Petroleum Contaminated Media & Debris from Underground Storage Tanks§261.4(b)(10)
Injected Groundwater§261.4(b)(11)
Spent Chloroflurocarbon Refrigerants§261.4(b)(12)
Used Oil Filters§261.4(b)(13)
Used Oil Distillation Bottoms§261.4(b)(14)
Landfill Leachate or Gas Condensate Derived from Certain Listed Wastes§261.4(b)(15)
Project XL Pilot Project Exclusions§261.4(b)(17)
Project XL Pilot Project Exclusions§261.4(b)(18)

Key Resources

Below are other resources that may be useful, but please note they have not been updated through the alters made in the 2018 DSW final rule: