You are watching: One hundred years of solitude read online
One Hundred Years of Solitude, p.1
Gabriel García Márquez
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
See more: Why Does My Dog Bury His Head In The Couch? Why Does My Dog Bury His Head In Me
Gabriel Garcia Marquez ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF SOLITUDE Translated from the Spanish by Gregory Rabassa Components One Hundred Years of Solitude ABOUT THE AUTHOR Gabriel Garcia Marquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia, in 1927. He studied at the College of Bogota and also later operated as a reporter for the Colombian newspaper El Espectador and as a foreign correspondent in Rome, Paris, Barcelona, Caracas and also New York. He is the author of a number of novels and also collections of stories, consisting of Eyes of a Blue Dog (1947), Leaf Storm (1955), No One Writes to the Colonel (1958), In Evil Hour (1962), Big Mama"s Funeral (1962), One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), Innocent Erendira and also Other Stories (1972), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975), Chronicle of a Death Foretold (1981), Love in the Time of Cholera (1985), The General in His Labyrinth (1989), Stvariety Pilgrims (1992), Of Love and also Other Demons (1994) and also Memories of My Melancholy Whores (2005). Many kind of of his publications are published by Penguin. Gabriel Garcia Marquez was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982. He stays in Mexico City. for jomi garcia ascot and also maria luisa elio PENGUIN BOOKS ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF SOLITUDE "The best novel in any type of language of the last 50 years" Salguy Rushdie "The the majority of essential writer of fiction in any kind of language" Bill Clinton "Should be required analysis for the entire huguy race" New York Times "No lover of fiction have the right to fail to respond to the grace of Marquez"s writing" Sunday Telegraph "It"s so a lot fun to check out, unexpected and beautiful" Darryl Hannah "The book that sort of saved my life" Emma Thompson "It"s the the majority of magical book I have ever before review. I think Marquez has actually affected the world" Carolina Herrera "A masterpiece and also one of the undeniable standards of the century" The Times Educational Supplement "A tour de pressure. Enchanting" The Times Literary Supplement "Enormously, kaleidoscopically, mysteriously alive" Guardian "Fantastic, amiable and also ironic. Splendid" New Statesman "Dazzling" New York Times "Eexceptionally word and also incident counts, everything hangs together, the occupational is a neatly perfect organism" Financial Times MANY YEARS LATER, as he faced the firing squad, Colonel Aureliano Buendia wregarding remember that far-off afternoon as soon as his father took him to discover ice. At that time Maconexecute was a village of twenty adobe homes, constructed on the bank of a river of clear water that ran alengthy a bed of poliburned stones, which were white and massive, favor prehistoric eggs. The people was so current that many kind of things lacked names, and also in order to show them it was vital to allude. Eincredibly year in the time of the month of March a family of ragged gypsies would certainly erected their tents near the village, and with a good uproar of pipes and also kettledrums they would certainly display brand-new developments. First they carried the magnet. A hefty gypsy through an undomesticated beard and also sparrow hands, who introduced himself as Melquiades, put on a bold public demonstration of what he himself dubbed the eighth wonder of the learned alchemists of Macedonia. He went from residence to residence dragging two metal ingots and also everybody was amazed to view pots, pans, tongs, and also braziers tumble down from their areas and beams creak from the desperation of nails and also screws trying to arise, and also even objects that had been lost for a lengthy time showed up from wright here they had actually been searched for most and also went dragging alengthy in stormy confusion behind Melquiades" magical irons. "Things have actually a life of their own," the gypsy prodeclared through a harsh accent. "It"s simply a issue of waking up their souls." Jose Arcadio Buendia, whose unbridled creativity always went beyond the genius of nature and also even past miracles and magic, assumed that it would certainly be possible to exploit that useless invention to extract gold from the bowels of the earth. Melquiades, who was an hocolony male, warned him: "It will not work for that." But Jose Arcadio Buendia at that time did not believe in the honesty of gypsies, so he traded his mule and a pair of goats for the 2 magnetized ingots. Ursula Iguaran, his wife, that relied on those pets to boost their bad residential holdings, was unable to dissuade him. "Very soon we"ll have actually gold enough and more to pave the floors of the residence," her husband also replied. For a number of months he operated tough to show the truth of his idea. He explored eincredibly inch of the area, even the riverbed, dragging the 2 iron ingots along and reciting Melquiades" incantation aloud. The only thing he flourished in doing was to unearth a suit of fifteenth-century armor which had actually all of its pieces soldered along with rust and inside of which there was the hollow resonance of an substantial stone-filled gourd. When Jose Arcadio Buendia and the 4 guys of his exploration managed to take the armor acomponent, they uncovered inside a calcified skeleton via a copper locket containing a woman"s hair approximately its neck. In March the gypsies reverted. This time they carried a telescope and a magnifying glass the dimension of a drum, which they showed as the latest discovery of the Jews of Amsterdam. They put a gypsy womale at one end of the village and put up the telescope at the entrance to the tent. For the price of five reales, civilization could look right into the telescope and also view the gypsy woguy an arm"s size amethod. "Science has actually removed distance," Melquiades proclaimed. "In a short time, man will be able to view what is happening in any type of area in the human being without leaving his own house." A burning noonday sunlight carried out a startling demonstration via the large magnifying glass: they put a pile of dry hay in the middle of the street and set it on fire by concentrating the sun"s rays. Jose Arcadio Buendia, that had actually still not been consoled for the faiattract of his magnets, conceived the idea of making use of that creation as a weapon of war. Aacquire Melquiades tried to dissuade him, but he lastly welcomed the two magnetized ingots and also 3 colonial coins in exreadjust for the magnifying glass. Ursula wept in consternation. That money was from a chest of gold coins that her father had actually put together over a whole life of privation and that she had actually hidden underneath her bed in really hopes of a appropriate occasion to make use of it. Jose Arcadio Buendia made no attempt to consingle her, completely took in in his tactical experiments via the abnegation of a scientist and even at the risk of his very own life. In an effort to present the effects of the glass on adversary troops, he exposed himself to the concentration of the sun"s rays and also suffered burns which turned right into sores that took a lengthy time to heal. Over the protests of his wife, who was alarmed at such a dangerous invention, at one suggest he was prepared to set the home on fire. He would certainly spend hrs on end in his room, calculating the strategic possibilities of his novel weapon until he flourished in placing together a manual of startling instructional clarity and also an irresistible power of conviction. He sent it to the government, accompanied by plenty of descriptions of his experiments and also numerous pperiods of explanatory sketches, by a messenger who crossed the hills, gained shed in measuremuch less swamps, forded stormy rivers, and also was on the point of perishing under the lash of despair, torment, and wild beasts until he found a path that joined the one supplied by the mules that carried the mail. In spite of the fact that a expedition to the funding was little much less than impossible at that time, Jose Arcadio Buendia promised to undertake it as quickly as the federal government ordered him to so that he can put on some handy demonstrations of his development for the military authorities and also can train them himself in the complex art of solar battle. For numerous years he waited for a response. Finally, tired of waiting, he bemoaned to Melquiades the failure of his task and the gypsy then offered him a convincing proof of his honesty: he gave him earlier the doubloons in exreadjust for the magnifying glass, and also he left him in enhancement some Portuguese maps and also a number of instruments of navigation. In his own handcomposing he set dvery own a concise synthesis of the studies by Monk Hermann, which he left Jose Arcadio so that he would have the ability to manipulate the astrolabe, the compass, and the sextant. Jose Arcadio Buendia invested the lengthy months of the rainy season shut up in a little room that he had actually built in the rear of the house so that no one would certainly disturb his experiments. Having entirely abandoned his residential responsibilities, he invested entire nights in the courtyard watching the course of the stars and also he nearly contracted sunstroke from trying to establish an accurate approach to asspecific noon. When he ended up being an experienced in the usage and manipulation of his instruments, he conceived a concept of area that allowed him to navigate throughout unknown seas, to visit unpopulated areas, and also to create relationships through splendid beings without having actually to leave his study. That was the duration in which he gained the habit of talking to himself, of walking through the home without paying attention to anyone, as Ursula and the kids broke their backs in the garden, thriving banana and caladium, cassava and yams, ahuyama roots and also eggplants. Suddenly, without warning, his feverish activity was interrupted and was reput by a type of fascination. He invested numerous days as if he were bewitched, softly repeating to himself a string of fearful conjectures without giving crmodify to his very own expertise. Finally, one Tuesday in December, at lunchtime, as a whole he released the whole weight of his torment. The children would certainly remember for the rest of their lives the august solemnity with which their father, devadeclared by his expanded vigil and also by the wrath of his imagination, revealed his exploration to them: "The earth is round, favor an oarray." Ursula shed her patience. "If you need to go crazy, please go crazy all by yourself!" she shouted. "But don"t try to put your gypsy concepts into the heads of the children." Jose Arcadio Buendia, impassive, did not let himself be frightened by the desperation of his wife, who, in a seizure of rage, smamelted the astrolabe against the floor. He built one more one, he gathered the guys of the village in his little room, and he demonstrated to them, through theories that none can understand also, the opportunity of returning to wright here one had set out by consistently sailing eastern. The totality village was encouraged that Jose Arcadio Buendia had lost his reason, when Melquiades went back to set things directly. He offered public praise to the knowledge of a man who from pure huge speculation had advanced a theory that had actually already been showed in exercise, although unrecognized in Macondo till then, and also as a proof of his admiration he made him a gift that wregarding have actually a prodiscovered affect on the future of the village: the laboratory of an alchemist. By then Melquiades had aged via surprising rapidity. On his initially trips he appeared to be the very same age as Jose Arcadio Buendia. But while the latter had maintained his extrasimple stamina, which permitted him to pull down a equine by grabbing its ears, the gypsy appeared to have actually been worn down by some tenacious condition. It was, in truth, the result of multiple and also rare illness contracted on his innumerable trips approximately the human being. According to what he himself sassist as he spoke to Jose Arcadio Buendia while helping him erected the laboratory, fatality adhered to him almost everywhere, sniffing at the cuffs of his pants, yet never before deciding to give him the final clutch of its clegislations. He was a fugitive from all the plagues and calamities that had actually ever before laburned mankind. He had actually survived pellagra in Persia, scurvy in the Malayan archipelearlier, leprosy in Alexandria, beriberi in Japan, bubonic pester in Madagasautomobile, an earthquake in Sicily, and also a damaging shipwreck in the Strait of Magellan. That prodigious creature, said to possess the keys of Nostradamus, was a gloomy man, enveloped in a sad aura, through an Asiatic look that appeared to understand what there was on the various other side of things. He wore a huge babsence hat that looked like a raven via widespread wings, and a velvet vest throughout which the patina of the centuries had skated. But in spite of his enormous wisdom and also his mysterious breadth, he had a human burden, an earthly problem that maintained him associated in the tiny difficulties of day-to-day life. He would certainly comordinary of the ailments of old age, he experienced from the a lot of inconsiderable financial obstacles, and also he had actually quit laughing a lengthy time back bereason scurvy had actually made his teeth drop out. On that suffocating noontime when the gypsy revealed his keys, Jose Arcadio Buendia had the certainty that it was the beginning of a great friendship. The youngsters were startled by his great stories. Aureliano, that can not have actually been more than five at the moment, would remember him for the rest of his life as he witnessed him that afternoon, sitting against the metallic and also quivering light from the window, lighting up through his deep organ voice the darkest reaches of the creative thinking, while dvery own over his temples tbelow flowed the grease that was being melted by the warmth. Jose Arcadio, his older brvarious other, would certainly pass on that wonderful photo as a hereditary memory to all of his descendants. Ursula, on the other hand, organized a negative memory of that visit, for she had actually gone into the room simply as Melquiades had carelessly damaged a flask of bichloride of mercury. "It"s the smell of the adversary," she said. "Not at all," Melquiades corrected her. "It has been prstove that the adversary has actually sulphuric properties and also this is just a small corrosive sublimate." Almethods didactic, he entered a learned explace of the diabolical properties of cinnabar, but Ursula passist no attention to him, although she took the kids off to pray. That biting odor would certainly remain forever in her mind connected to the memory of Melquiades. The rudimentary laboratory--in enhancement to a profusion of pots, funnels, retorts, filters, and also sieves--was consisted of of a primitive water pipe, a glass beaker through a long, thin neck, a remanufacturing of the philosopher"s egg, and a still the gypsies themselves had constructed in accordance via modern descriptions of the three-equipped alembic of Mary the Jew. Along via those items, Melquiades left samples of the salso metals that synchronized to the salso planets, the formulas of Moses and also Zosimus for doubling the amount of gold, and a collection of notes and sketches concerning the procedures of the Great Teaching that would permit those that might analyze them to undertake the manufacture of the philosopher"s stone. Seduced by the simplicity of the formulregarding double the quantity of gold, Jose Arcadio Buendia phelp court to Ursula for several weeks so that she would certainly let him dig up her early american coins and increase them by as many times as it was possible to subdivide mercury. Ursula provided in, as always, to her husband"s unyielding obstinacy. Then Jose Arcadio Buendia threw 3 doubloons right into a pan and fused them with copper filings, orpiment, brimstone, and also lead. He put it all to boil in a pot of castor oil till he acquired a thick and also pestilential syrup which was more choose prevalent caramel than valuable gold. In risky and also despeprice procedures of distillation, melted via the seven planetary metals, combined with hermetic mercury and vitriol of Cyprus, and also put ago to cook in hog fat for absence of any radish oil, Ursula"s priceless inheritance was diminished to a huge item of burned hog cracklings that was firmly stuck to the bottom of the pot. When the gypsies came back, Ursula had turned the whole population of the village against them. But curiosity was higher than fear, for that time the gypsies went around the tvery own making a deafening noise with all manner of musical instruments while a hawker announced the exhibition of the a lot of fabulous discovery of the Naciancenes. So that everyone visited the tent and also by paying one cent they witnessed a youthful Melquiades, reextended, unwrinkled, through a brand-new and flashing collection of teeth. Those that remembered his gums that had actually been destroyed by scurvy, his flaccid cheeks, and also his withered lips trembled with fear at the final proof of the gypsy"s supernatural power. The are afraid turned into panic when Melquiades took out his teeth, undamaged, encased in their gums, and also verified them to the audience for an instant--a fleeting prompt in which he went back to being the same decrepit guy of years past--and also put them back aobtain and also smiled when more via the complete regulate of his restored youth. Even Jose Arcadio Buendia himself taken into consideration that Melquiades" expertise had got to unbearable extremes, but he felt a healthy excitement once the gypsy described to him alone the worqueens of his false teeth. It appeared so easy and also so prodigious at the very same time that overnight he shed all interemainder in his experiments in alchemy. He underwent a brand-new crisis of negative humor. He did not go ago to eating on a regular basis, and also he would certainly spfinish the day walking through the residence. "Incredible things are happening in the world," he shelp to Ursula. "Right there across the river tbelow are all kinds of magical tools while we store on living prefer dontricks." Those that had actually well-known him because the foundation of Macondo were startled at just how much he had readjusted under Melquiades" affect. At first Jose Arcadio Buendia had actually been a type of youthful patriarch who would certainly provide instructions for planting and advice for the increasing of children and pets, and also who collaborated via everyone, also in the physical job-related, for the welfare of the area. Because his home from the exceptionally first had actually been the finest in the village, the others had actually been developed in its picture and also likeness. It had a small, well-lighted living room, a dining room in the form of a terrace with gaily colored flowers, two bedrooms, a courtyard through a giant chestnut tree, a well-retained garden, and also a corral wright here goats, pigs, and hens stayed in relaxed communion. The only pets that were prohibited, not just in his house however in the whole settlement, were fighting cocks. Ursula"s capacity for work was the exact same as that of her husband also. Active, little, significant, that womale of unbreakable nerves who at no moment in her life had actually been heard to sing appeared to be anywhere, from dawn until quite late at night, always sought by the soft whispering of her stiff, starched petticoats. Thanks to her the floors of tamped earth, the unwhitewamelted mud wall surfaces, the rustic, wooden furniture they had actually built themselves were constantly clean, and also the old chests where they preserved their garments exhaled the warm smell of basil. Jose Arcadio Buendia, that was the many enterpclimbing male ever to be viewed in the village, had erected the placement of the houses in such a method that from all of them one could reach the river and draw water through the same initiative, and he had lined up the highways with such great feeling that no house gained even more sun than an additional during the hot time of day. Within a couple of years Macondo was a village that was more orderly and hard-working than any kind of known till then by its three hundred inhabitants. It was a truly happy village wbelow no one was over thirty years of age and also wright here no one had died.