a gene-delivering framework found in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell and also the majority of visible throughout mitosis and meiosis; likewise, the major gene-moving chromosome is composed of one incredibly lengthy threadlike DNA molecule and connected proteins
the creation of genetically identical offspring by a single parent, without the participation of gametes.
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the creation of offspring by the fusion of two haploid sex cells (sperm and also egg), developing a diploid zygote.
the combicountry of DNA and also proteins that constitutes chromosomes; regularly offered to refer to by the chromosomes once a eukaryotic cell is not separating.
a little protein molecule associated through DNA and also vital in DNA packing in the eukaryotic chromosome.
the bead-like unit of DNA packing in a eukaryotic cell; consists of DNA wound roughly a protein core comprised of eight hirock molecules.
one of the 2 similar parts of the duplicated chromosome. While joined, 2 of these make up one chromosome; they are inevitably separated during mitosis or meiosis II.
the area of the chromosome where two sister chromatids are joined and also wright here spindle microtubules attach throughout mitosis and also meiosis. It divides at the oncollection of anaphase in the time of mitosis and anaphase II of meiosis.
an ordered sequence of events (consisting of interphase the mitotic phase) that exoften tends from the moment a eukaryotic cell is initially develop from a dividing parent cell until its very own division right into two cells.
the phase in the eukaryotic cell cycle when the cell is not actually dividing. During which, cellular metabolic task is high, chromosomes and organelles are replicated, and cell size might rise. This phase accounts for 90% of the cell cycle.
the phase of the cell cycle once mitosis divides the nucleus and distributes its chromosomes to the daughter nuclei and also cytokinesis divides the cytoplasm, producing 2 daughter cells.
the division of a solitary nucleus into two genetically identical daughter nuclei. It and also cytokinesis make up the mitotic (M) phase of the cell cycle.
the department of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells. It commonly occurs throughout telophase of mitosis, and also the 2 processes (mitosis and also this process) comprise the mitotic (M) phase of the cell cycle.
the initially phase of mitosis. During this, replicated chromosomes conthick to create frameworks visible through a light microscopic lense. and also the mitotic spindle creates and also begins relocating the chromosomes toward the center of the cell.
the second phase of mitosis. During this, the centromeres of all the cell"s duplicated chromosomes are lined up on an imaginary plate equidistant in between the poles of the mitotic spindle.
the 3rd phase of mimitosis, beginning when the sister chromatids separate from each other and also ending once a complete collection of daughter chromosomes has actually came down on each of the 2 poles of the cell.
a spindle-shaped structure created of microtubules and also connected proteins that is involved in the movement of chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis. (It is shaped about choose a footround.)
Material in the sytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that gives rise to microtubules; necessary in mitosis and meiosis; features as a microtubule-organizing facility.
the first authorize of cytokinesis throughout cell department in an pet cell; a shenable groove in the cell surconfront near the old metaphase plate.
a membranous disk that develops throughout the midline of a splitting plant cell. During cytokinesis the cell plate grows external, accumulating even more cell wall product and inevitably fmaking use of right into a new cell wall.
a cyclically operating set of proteins that triggers and also coordinates occasions in the eukaryotic cell cycle.
an abnormal tissue mass that spreads into neighboring tconcern and to various other parts of the body; a cancerous tumor.
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therapy for cancer in which parts of the body that have actually cancerous tumors are exposed to high-energy radiation to disrupt cell division of cancer cells.