To observe the activity of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the complying with salt solutions:

ZnSO4 (aq)FeSO4 (aq)CuSO4 (aq)Al2(SO4)3 (aq)

Arselection Zn, Fe, Cu and also Al metals in the decreasing order of retask based on the over outcomes.

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The Theory

Metals are elements and also are excellent conductors of warm and also electrical power. Many steels are electropositive in nature and also the metal atoms lose electrons in chemical reactions to create cations. The more reenergetic a steel, the higher tendency it hregarding develop a positive ion in a chemical reaction.

For example:


How are steels arranged in a periodic table?

Metals occupy the mass of the regular table. The alkali metals are a series of chemical aspects in the routine table. Alkali steels make up group 1 in the routine table along with hydrogen. Alkali metals are lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), caesium (Cs) and also francium (Fr). The group 2 elements in the routine table are called alkaline earth steels. Alkaline earth steels are beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg) calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba) and radium (Ra). Group1 and also team 2 facets are together called s-block elements. Elements of group 3 to 12 are shift elements. These are additionally metallic in nature and are called shift metals. They are additionally dubbed d-block elements. Non-metallic aspects occupy the appropriate side of the routine table. A diagonal line from boron to polonium sepaprices metals from non-steels.


Now, let’s check out the properties of metals…

Physical properties of metals:

Good conductors of heat and also electricity: In metals, the positive ions are surrounded by a sea of electrons and also these are responsible for their conductivity.High melting point and boiling point.They are malleable and also ductile, so they deserve to be bent and also stretched without breaking.In a lot of metals, the atoms are highly cshed packed, so they have high density.They have a shiny appearance.Metals exist in solid state at room temperature except for mercury, which is in a liquid state at room temperature.

Chemical properties of metals:

A more reactive metal conveniently reacts with other facets. The most reactive metals will react even water, while the least reactive steels will not react even through acid.

Example: If we put a little item of sodium steel in water, sodium reacts exothermically through water developing hydrogen and metal hydroxide.


Metals react through oxygen in the air to develop oxides.



Some metals react through acid and replace hydrogen from the acid.


Single displacement reactions:

A single displacement reaction is an important form of chemical reaction. It is also referred to as substitution reaction. In these reactions, a free facet disareas one more facet from its compound, producing a brand-new compound. The reaction is generally composed as:


Single displacement reactions are all oxidation-reduction reactions. For instance,


Definition of Displacement reaction: The chemical reaction by which one facet takes the position or place of another aspect in a compound.

Displacement reactions are very prevalent in steels. They have the right to be supplied to find out the family member retasks of steels. In a displacement reactivity, a more reenergetic steel deserve to dislocation a much less reenergetic steel from its salt solution. The reaction is frequently well-known as metal displacement reaction.

A few of the generally provided steels have been arranged in the decreasing order of reactivity. This is known as the reactivity series or activity series. The activity series of steels is an important idea in chemisattempt. The task series of steels is a critical tool for predicting the products of displacement reactions and the retask of metals in other reactions. Potassium is the the majority of reenergetic steel, while platinum is the leastern reenergetic.


The higher the metal in the series, the even more reenergetic it is and the even more intensely it reacts via water, oxygen and acid. A metal in the task series can dislocation any kind of metal below it in the series from its compound. The facets potassium, sodium, lithium and also calcium are exceptionally reactive and they react with cold water to create hydroxides and also hydrogen gas. The facets magnesium, aluminium and iron are also taken into consideration as active steels and they react through steam to develop oxides and hydrogen gas. The steels over hydrogen are more reactive than hydrogen. These metals deserve to dislocation hydrogen from acids or water and also liberate hydrogen gas. The steels copper, silver gold and also platinum are less reactive than hydrogen and they carry out not replace hydrogen from water or acid.

Instances for metal-displacement reactions:

Zinc deserve to displace copper from copper sulphate solution and iron from ferrous sulphate solution. So zinc is even more reactive than iron and copper.


If a item of zinc steel is added to aluminium sulphate solution, no reaction takes area. So aluminium is more reactive than zinc.

If tiny pieces of copper are added into solutions of zinc sulphate, aluminium sulphate and also ferrous sulphate, no reactions take place. So, copper is less reactive than zinc, aluminium and iron.Aluminium deserve to disarea Zn from zinc sulphate solution, Cu from copper sulphate solution and Fe from ferroussulphate solution.



Iron disareas Cu from copper sulphate solution, however it does not dislocation Al and Zn from their salt options.


Not only steels but likewise non-steels can take part in displacement reactions.

For example, chlorine gas dislocations bromine from potassium bromide solution. The solution of potassium bromide acquires a yellowish and ovariety color of the liberated bromine gas.

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Learning OutcomesStudents understand the terms prefer metals, metal displacement reaction, reactivity series, and so on.Students get skills to perform & visualize the reactions of Al, Zn, Fe and Cu via the adhering to salt solutionsAluminium sulphateZinc sulphateFerrous sulphateCopper sulphateStudents can analyze the interpretation of retask series of metals based upon the inferences from the experiment.Students gain skills to perdevelop an experiment to identify the reactivity of metals in salt solutions.