n. (1)the research of malformations or major deviations from the normal type in organisms(2)"examine of marvels and monsters," 1678, from comb. develop of Gk. teras (gen. teratos) "marvel, monster" + -logy.
You are watching: Difference between a shank and a shiv
What is the distinction in between a "shiv" and a "shank?" Also, can you be "shanked with a shiv" or "shivved with a shank?" Good concerns indeed...
First to consider is interpretation. The World English Thesaurus specifies a shiv as both a noun (“a knife”) and also a verb (“to stab (someone)”). The WED goes on to indicate that the term has actually beginnings in Romany kind of language (Romany referring to gypsies from area in and around Romania/Moldova). More modern-day provenance of the term “shiv,” specific to the use as priboy slang, is debated. In regards to improvised tools, one derivation for the interpretation might have originated as an acronym standing for “Self-Honed-Instrument-of-Violence (SHIV). This seems highly feasible, as code-words are often used in a prichild setting as to prevent discovery of nefarious plots by Corrections Officers. Anvarious other plausible origin lies through 20th century English thieves’ term “chive”or possibly some cockney slang of the duration.
The term shank, on the other hand, has actually even more traditional roots in the English language (one acquired from the German shanke
In contemporary slang, the 2 are a lot of frequently supplied interchangeably, in much the same means that the nouns “cemetery” and also “graveyard”are supplied to describea area of rest for the dead. The amalgamated origins behind the usage of the term “shiv”, linked with a verbal advancement which easily alternates in between the two has brought about a wholly puzzled intake in the modern Amerideserve to language.
Regardless of the seemingly interchangeable properties of the terms, the heart of their differences lies in the definitions. A “shiv” is defined as a knife. A knife, subsequently, is characterized as “an instrument for cutting, consisting basically of a thin, sharp-edged, metal blade fitted through a manage.” Hence, through transitive logic, a shiv is an instrument designed for cutting or slicing in the very same fashion as a knife.
Given the previous description of items related to the noun “shank”(those being items which taper from large to small), it becomes clear that the noun “shank” more particularly refers to an elongated item which tapers to a point and also is thus is mostly provided for stabbing.
Similarly, the verb “to shiv” translates as “to slice” or “to knife”while the verb “to shank” correlates through “to stab.”
While maybe acceptable in widespread speech, in correct grammar the two are totally different. As with “cemetery”and “graveyard,” their differences are pronounced enough so regarding derive a clear delineation in between the 2 (A graveyard traditionally describes a room surrounding a church or location of worship where the dead were buried, while a cemetery was on a sepaprice tract of land, frequently in a rural or secluded area separate from the living populace.
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The oft-erroneous Wikipedia has actually just added to the muddling of meanings by describing a shiv as “a crudely made homemade knife out of everyday materials, particularly common in prisons among inmates. An alternative name in some prisons is Shank.” Likewise, Urban Thesaurus confoffers the 2 by claiming that each instrument is identified by the material from which it is fashioned, that “a shiv is frequently made of hardwood, plastic or glass,” while a shank is “a homemade knife made of metal.”
As we have viewed,both meanings arewholly erroneous; each weapon is characterized by its shape and thusly its technique of assault, which indicates that either deserve to be made from any type of source material, offered that it’s end outcome is either slicing or stabbing. A shard of glass, but it is broken off, could function to either slice or stab, while a piece of timber many quickly could be fashioned into a stabbing shank. Depending on its original shape and also thickness, steel can be made into either.
At this allude, via a clear delineation having been made between the two, the conversation is not ended, for at the heart of this matter lies this question: have the verbs become as openly interchangeable as the nouns in the well-known lexicon? Certainly, have the right to one be “shanked with a shiv?,” and conversely, have the right to one be “shivved through a shank?” Perhaps both? Perhaps neither?
In all aforementioned situations the answer is technically yes. However, in order for such as statement to be taken into consideration grammatically correct, said weapon would certainly need to be provided in a manner either imappropriate or respond to to its intended style. A shank is supposed for shanking; a shiv is intended for shivving. As an example to much better demonstrate the oddity ofthe confusion, switching verbs would beakin tosaying that someone was knifed through a spoon, or spooned through a knife. While both are technically feasible, they are likewise two completely sepaprice acts (and also cases not most likely to occur in reality), and also most likely not what the speaker intfinished to expect.
In regards to the probcapacity of one or the other, consider this: a knife is an edged weapon; the inclusion of a point, while a common event, is not compelled to accomplish the meaning of the term, and also the very same should host true for shiv (consider the butter knife - slices with butter, but through a rounded tip ). While the addition of a allude to the pointer of a shiv can be valuable, it is not crucial for the implement to fulfill its identified function as a slicing weapon .
Likewise, a shank, being primarily a stabbing weapon, would certainly many most likely not encompass the added function of a sharpened edge. While such added refinement might heighten it’s utility as a weapon, it have to be remembered that it is many regularly an improvised weapon created under particular constraints which to not lfinish themselves to uncrucial (and also time-consuming) changes. The shiv suffers from these same constraints.
Furthermore, one would certainly execute well to take into consideration such modifications in regards to individual manufacturing time. As both weaponsare intended to be1.) easily concealable and 2.) successfully sharp, traditionally the majority of arelong and thin. But it is much less complicated, in terms of surconfront location, to file the end of a shiv right into a serviceably sharp suggest than it would be to file the size of a shank right into a serviceably sharp blade. Even without intentional modifications it appears more likely that a shiv would certainly normally be inclined to have a suggest qualified of inflicting significant damage while a shank would the majority of likely not have an edge sharp enough to inflict as much damages as it’s refined allude.
As such it would stand to reason that of the two, the knife-like shiv would be even more susceptible to be misused to stab/shank a perkid, as opposed to a pointed shank being misprovided to slice/cut/shiv an enemy. Thus, you would be even more likely to be “shanked through a shiv” than “shivved through a shank.”