In aqueous solution, classify these compounds as solid acids,weak acids, strong bases, weak bases, or various other.

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In aqueous solution, classify these compounds as solid acids, weak acids, strong bases, weak bases, or various other.

Based on different theories of acid and also base, they are characterized in regards to proton and electron pairs.

According to the Bronsted-Lowry concept, acids and also bases are identified in terms of proloads

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, a hydrogen ion.

By analyzing the

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value of an acid and base it have the right to be distinguished into strong or weak.


Acid: A molecule that can donate a proton or accept a pair of electrons.

Base: A molecule that can accept a proton or donate a pair of electrons.

The behavior of a strong/weak acid/base in a solution:

A solid acid is one which have the right to donate its proton to a water molecule to develop a 100% hydronium ion quickly, when liquified in water.

That is, a strong acid dissettle entirely in water to give a hydronium ion.

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A weak acid is one which donates its proton to a water molecule to form a hydronium ion gradually once dissolved in water.

That is, a weak acid ionizes partly in water to offer hydronium ion.

A strong base is one which can accept a proton from a water molecule to create a 100% hydroxide ion easily when dissolved in water.

That is, a strong base ionizes totally in water to offer hydroxide ion.

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Weak base is one which accepts a proton from a water molecule to form a hydroxide ion progressively when liquified in water.

That is, a weak base ionizes partly in water to provide hydroxide ion.

The nature of an acid and also base whether it is a solid or weak acid or base can be figured out making use of the

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(dissociation constant) value of the acid and also base.

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The acid dissociation consistent is

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and also the base dissociation constant is
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. In both situations, the smaller sized the
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and also
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value, the more powerful the acid and also base.