Account Types

Transactions have the right to be summarized right into comparable team or accounts. A firm compiles a list of accounts to make the chart of accounts. Need even more indevelopment about what an account is? Watch this brief video.

You are watching: Classify each item as an asset, liability, common stock, revenue, or expense.

The video described that accounts are favor file folders. What are some things a firm might have? A firm can have cash or a checking account, invoices for money we will get from customers later, bills we have to pay, and we can own residential property choose land, structure or devices. We have actually 5 fundamental categories for accounts:

Asset: Somepoint a service has actually or ownsLiability: Something we owe to a non-ownerEquity: Something we owe to the owners or the value of the investment to the ownerRevenue: Value of the items we have actually offered or the solutions we have performedExpenses: Costs of doing business

Let’s look at each one individually. We will look at the wide photo of each category as you will learn the details later in the course.

Assets: Assets are something you very own or have actually and they are sources you intend to obtain a advantage from later on. Depending on the nature of the service tright here are many points that can be classified as assets.

Some examples of assets are:

Cash (describes the service cash accessible yet can also be a checking or savings account)Office Supplies or other prephelp expenses (any kind of prices the company pays in advance)Accounts receivable (amount we will certainly obtain from customers at a later on date)Inventory (items we intend to offer later)Equipment (worth of tools purchased)Building (value of structure purchased)Land also (value of land also purchased)

Liabilities: Liabilities are somepoint that organization owes to a non-owner (debt and also company obligations). Liabilities can quickly be determined as the account will the majority of frequently end in the word “payable” because it is somepoint we need to pay someone later.

Some examples of liabilities are:

Accounts Payable (bills the firm must pay)Sales Tax Payable (sales taxation obligations)Wperiods Payable (obligations to employees for work-related performed),Payroll Taxes Payable (obligations phelp on a monthly or quarterly to state, neighborhood or federal agencies)Unearned Revenue (dvery own payments got on work to be completed in the future)Mortgage Payable (for instance mortgage on organization property)Notes Payable (company financial responsibilities from signing a promissory note).

Equity: Equity accounts recurrent the worth of the owner’s investment in the agency. The Equity accounts are various based on the type of company.

For sole-proprietorship and partnership, a Capital account is offered to document the investment of the owners and also income earned by the company. A Withdrawal (or drawing) account is used when the owner takes money out for personal usage.For corporations, a Typical Stock account is provided to document the investment of the owners. A Retained Earnings account is provided to document the income of a corporation and also to record when revenue are given ago to the owners in the develop of dividends.

Revenues represent the worth of the products or solutions provided. Thanks to the revenue recognition principle, we record revenue as soon as we actually carry out the work by performing a organization or transporting a product. Instances of revenue accounts include:

Service Revenue (revenue from completing a company, might be specific prefer plumbing business revenue, accounting business revenue, photography organization revenue, etc.)Sales Revenue (value of commodities you sell)Interemainder Revenue (value of interest earned on investments or financial institution accounts)

Expenses are costs to the firm and also reflect the outflow of money. What matters is have actually we incurred or used the expense. These prices represent the all prices of doing company and also are supplied in order to generate the revenue. Instances of prices accounts encompass (notice how many price accounts finish in the word “expense”):

Cost of Goods Sold (what we paid for inventory we have actually sold)Utilities Expense (cost of utilities)Wperiods Expense (cost of employee’s earnings)Rent Expense (expense of renting office room or equipment)Supplies Expense (cost of provides used)Insurance Expense (price of insurance used)Advertising Expense (expense of advertising)Bank Fees Expense (expense of bank fees charged by the bank)

Below is an example of a chart of accounts for Metro Courier, Inc. which is a corporation. Notice how the chart is detailed in the order of Assets, Liabilities, Equity, Revenue and also Expense. This order provides it simple to finish the financial statements. Click Metro COA for a printable copy.

Metro Courier Inc.

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Chart of Accounts
Account NameAccount Type
Accounts ReceivableAsset
Prephelp RentAsset
Office EquipmentAsset
Accounts PayableLiability
Interemainder PayableLiability
Wages PayableLiability
Sales Tax PayableLiability
Unearned RevenueLiability
Income Tax PayableLiability
Social Security Tax PayableLiability
Mortgage PayableLiability
Notes PayableLiability
Typical StockEquity
Retained EarningsEquity
Service RevenueRevenue
Interest RevenueRevenue
Utilities ExpenseExpense
Rent ExpenseExpense
Supplies ExpenseExpense
Weras ExpenseExpense
Taxes ExpenseExpense
Insurance ExpenseExpense
Bank Fees ExpenseExpense


You can produce your own master chart of accounts for usage in this course and also construct on it as we go alengthy. You need to be able to finish the account form column and also some of the account descriptions. Click Chart of Accounts to access a google spreadsheet that you have the right to download and usage throughout the course.