Sapphic verseSee ode.
ScansionThe analysis of the metrical fads of a poem by arranging its lines right into feet of stressed and unstressed syllables and showing the significant pauses, if any. Scansion additionally involves the classification of a poem’s stanza, framework, and rhyme scheme.
A six-line stanza, or the last 6 lines of a 14-line Italian or Petrarchan sonnet. A sestet refers just to the final percentage of a sonnet, otherwise the six-line stanza is known as a sexain. The second stanza of Emily Dickinson’s “The Soul has actually Bandaged Moments” is a sexain. “Sestina: Like,” by A.E. Stallings possesses numerous sexains. See likewise Sestina.
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A complex French verse form, usually unrhymed, consisting of 6 stanzas of 6 lines each and also a three-line envoy. The finish words of the first stanza are repeated in a different order as finish words in each of the succeeding 5 stanzas; the closing envoy has all 6 words, two per line, put in the middle and at the end of the three lines. The fads of word repetition are as complies with, via each number representing the last word of a line, and each row of numbers representing a stanza: 1 2 3 4 5 6 6 1 5 2 4 3 3 6 4 1 2 5 5 3 2 6 1 4 4 5 1 3 6 2 2 4 6 5 3 1 (6 2) (1 4) (5 3)See Algernon Charles Swinburne’s “The Complaint of Lisa,”John Ashbery’s “Farm Implements and also Rutabagas in a Landscape,” and David Ferry’s “The Guest Ellen at the Stop for Street People.” Browse more sestinas.
The variation of the sonnet create that Shakespeare used—comprised of three quatrains and also a concluding couplet, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg—is called the English or Shakespeareansonnet develop, although others had actually used it prior to him. This various sonnet framework allows for even more space to be devoted to the buildup of a subject or difficulty than the Italian/Petrarchan form, and is complied with by just 2 lines to conclude or resolve the poem in a rhyming couplet. Find Out even more around sonnet develops here.
A Korean verse develop concerned haiku and also tanka and comprised of 3 lines of 14-16 syllables each, for a full of 44-46 syllables. Each line has a pause near the middle, equivalent to a caesura, though the break need not be metrical. The initially fifty percent of the line contains six to nine syllables; the second fifty percent have to contain no fewer than five. Originally intended as songs, sijo can treat romantic, metaphysical, or spiritual themes. Whatever the topic, the initially line introduces an concept or story, the second provides a “rotate,” and also the 3rd offers closure. Modern sijo are occasionally printed in six lines.
A comparikid (see Metaphor) made with “as,” “like,” or “than.” In “A Red, Red Rose,” Robert Burns declares: O my Luve is choose a red, red increased That’s freshly sprung in June; O my Luve is like the melody That’s sweetly played in tune.“What happens to a dream deferred?” asks Langston Hughes in “Harlem”: Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester favor a sore— And then run? Does it stink favor rotten meat? Or crust and also sugar over— like a syrupy sweet?Browse poems with arisen similes.
SlamA competitive poetry performance in which schosen audience members score performers, and winners are figured out by total points. Slam is a compowebsite genre that combines facets of poetry, theater, performance, and storytelling. The genre’s beginnings have the right to be traced to Chicearlier in the early on 1980s. Since then, teams of volunteers have organized slams in venues across the world. The initially National Poeattempt Slam was held in 1990, and also has come to be an annual occasion in which groups from cities across the United States contend at occasions in a organize city. For more on poeattempt slams, watch Jeremy Richards’s series “Performing the Academy”. See additionally poets Tyehimba Jess, Bob Holman, and also Patricia Smith.
A soliloquy is a monologue in which a character in a play expresses thoughts and also feelings while being alone on stage. Soliloquies allow dramatists to connect information around a character’s state of mind, really hopes, and intentions directly to an audience. Soliloquies became a dramatic convention in the 1590s and 1600s, once playwrights offered the technique to allow characters to expose vital plot points. The opening speech in Christopher Marlowe’sDoctor Faustus is an early instance, however the a lot of well known soliloquies in English come from Shakespeare’s plays Hamlet, Macbeth, and Othello.
A 14-line poem via a variable rhyme plan originating in Italy and also brought to England also by Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard, earl of Surrey in the 16th century. Literally a “little bit song,” the sonnet traditionally mirrors upon a solitary sentiment, via a clarification or “turn” of thought in its concluding lines. Tright here are many kind of various kinds of sonnets.The Petrarchan sonnet, perfected by the Italian poet Petrarch, divides the 14 lines right into 2 sections: an eight-line stanza (octave) rhyming ABBAABBA, and also a six-line stanza (sestet) rhyming CDCDCD or CDECDE. John Milton’s “When I Consider How my Light Is Spent” and Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s “How Do I Love Thee” employ this develop.The Italian sonnet is an English variation on the conventional Petrarchan variation. The octave’s rhyme system is kept, yet the sestet rhymes CDDCEE. See Thomas Wyatt’s “Whoso List to Hunt, I Know Where Is an Hind” and also John Donne’s “If Poisonous Minerals, and also If That Tree.”Wyatt and also Surrey emerged the English (or Shakespearean) sonnet, which condenses the 14 lines right into one stanza of three quatrains and also a concluding couplet, via a rhyme scheme of ABABCDCDEFEFGG (though poets have actually typically differed this scheme; see Wilfred Owen’s “Anthem for Doomed Youth”). George Herbert’s “Love (II),” Claude McKay’s “America,” and also Molly Peacock’s “Altruism” are English sonnets.These three kinds have actually given increase to many variations, including: -The cauday sonnet, which adds codas or tails to the 14-line poem. See Gerard Manley Hopkins’s “That Nature Is a Heraclitean Fire.” -The curtal sonnet, a shortened version devised by Gerard Manley Hopkins that maintains the proparts of the Italian develop, substituting two six-tension tercets for 2 quatrains in the octave (rhyming ABC ABC), and 4 and a half lines for the sestet (rhyming DEBDE), also six-anxiety except for the final three-stress and anxiety line. See his poem “Pied Beauty.” -The sonnet redoublé, additionally known as a crvery own of sonnets, is created of 15 sonnets that are linked by the repetition of the final line of one sonnet as the initial line of the following, and also the last line of that sonnet as the initial line of the previous; the last sonnet consists of all the recurring lines of the previous 14 sonnets, in the same order in which they showed up. Marilyn Nelson’s A Wreath for Emmett Till is a modern example. -A sonnet sequence is a team of sonnets sharing the same subject matter and also sometimes a dramatic case and persona. See George Meredith’s Modern Love sequence, Sir Philip Sidney’s Astrophel and Stella, Rupert Brooke’s 1914 sequence, and also Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s Sonnets from the Portuguese. -The Spenserian sonnet is a 14-line poem emerged by Edmund Spenser in his Amoretti, that varies the English create by interlocking the 3 quatrains (ABAB BCBC CDCD EE). -The stretched sonnet is extfinished to 16 or more lines, such as those in George Meredith’s sequence Modern Love. -A submerged sonnet is tucked right into a much longer poetic work; view lines 235-48 of T.S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land also.”Browse even more sonnets.You can likewise review the educational esclaims “Learning the Sonnet”and “The Sonnet as a Silver Marrowhead Spoon.”
Spenserian stanzaThe unit of Edmund Spenser’s lengthy poem The Faerie Queene, consisting of eight iambic-pentameter lines and also a last alexandrine, through a rhyme system of ABABBCBCC. Later provides of this stanza kind include John Keats’s “The Eve of St. Agnes,” Percy Bysshe Shelley’s “Adonais,” and Alfred Lord Tennyson’s “The Lotos-Eaters.”
Spoken wordA wide designation for poeattempt intfinished for performance. Though some spoken word poeattempt might likewise be publimelted on the web page, the genre has actually its roots in oral heritages and also performance. Spoken word deserve to incorporate or contain facets of rap, hip-hop, storyinforming, theater, and also jazz, rock, blues, and people music. Characterized by rhyme, repetition, improvisation, and also word play, spoken word poems generally describe problems of social justice, politics, race, and also neighborhood. Related to slam poetry, spoken word may draw on music, sound, dance, or various other kinds of performance to affix with audiences. See Murdoch Burnett, Kevin Coval, and also Cristin O’Keefe Aptowicz for examples of spoken word performers. For spoken word’s link via music, see David Browne’s essay “Pop Star Poetics.”
SpondeeA metrical foot consisting of 2 accented syllables. An example of a spondaic word is “hog-wild.” Gerard Manley Hopkins’s “Pied Beauty” is heavily spondaic: With swift, slow; sweet, sour; adazzle, dim; He fathers-forth whose beauty is previous change: Worship him.
A metrical system devised by Gerard Manley Hopkins written of one- to four-syllable feet that begin through a stressed syllable. The spondee reareas the iamb as a dominant measure, and the variety of unstressed syllables varies significantly from line to line (see additionally accentual verse). According to Hopkins, its intended effect was to reflect the dynamic top quality and variations of common speech, in comparison to the monotony of iambic pentameter. His own poetry illustprices its use; though tright here have been few imitators, the soul and also ethics of sprung rhythm influenced the increase of free verse in the early on 20th century.
A grouping of lines separated from others in a poem. In modern cost-free verse, the stanza, like a pincreased paragraph, have the right to be provided to mark a transition in mood, time, or assumed.
A syllable uttered in a greater pitch—or via higher emphasis—than others. The English language itself determines just how English words are stressed, yet sentence framework, semantics, and meter affect the placement and perception of stress. See alsoaccentual verse, accentual-syllabic verse, foot, meter, rhythm, and also scansion.
In Greek drama, the strophe (turning) signified the first area of a chdental ode, and was recited by the Chorus as it moved across the phase. The Chorus’s motion ago to its original side was accompanied by the antistrophe. Finally, the Chorus stood still to chant the epode, the final section of the ode, which provided a brand-new metrical structure. This timeless structure is explicitly foregrounded in Ben Jonson’s “A Pindaric Ode.” Strophe became associated through the stanzas in an ode; check out Coleridge’s “France: An Ode.” It has additionally been provided to describe systems or verse paragraphs in cost-free verse. See Robert Duncan’s, “A Poem Beginning through a Line by Pindar” and also Geoffrey Hill’s “On Reading Crowds and also Power” for examples of this modern usage.
StructuralismA movement of thought in the humanities, widespcheck out in sociology, linguistics, and also literary theory, and influential in the 1950s and ’60s. Based primarily on the linguistic theories of Ferdinand also de Saussure, structuralism thought about language as a device of indicators and also signification, the elements of which are understandable only in relation to each other and to the mechanism. In literary theory, structuralism challenged the idea that a work-related of literature reflected a given reality; instead, a message was constituted of linguistic conventions and also located among various other texts. Structuralist doubters analyzed product by studying underlying structures, such as characterization or plot, and attempted to present exactly how these fads were universal and could thus be used to construct general conclusions about both individual works and the units from which they arised. The anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss was a vital champion of structuralism, as was Romale Jakobsen. Northrop Frye’s attempts to categorize Western literary works by archeform had actually some basis in structuralist believed. Structuralism regarded language as a closed, stable device, and also by the late 1960s it had offered method to poststructuralism.
A lofty, ennobling seriousness as the major characteristic of specific poeattempt, as established in the writing On the Sublime, attributed to the 3rd-century Greek rhetorician Cassius Longinus. The principle took host in the 18th century among English theorists, critics, and poets that associated it through overwhelming sensation. In A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful (1757), Edmund Burke identified the sublime as the endure of the boundless, which is terrifying and thrilling bereason it threatens to overpower the regarded prestige of humale enterprise in the cosmos. Aesthetes and also authors of the era saw the natural world and its wild, mysterious expanses as a gatemeans to the suffer of the sublime. Romantic poets such as Percy Bysshe Shelley and William Wordsworth were influenced by this notion.
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An creative approach that took hold in 1920s Paris and spread throughout the world in the years that complied with. André Breton outlined its intends in his Surrealist Manifesto (1924), affirming the prominence of the “disinterested play of thought” and also the “omnipotence of dreams” fairly than factor and logic. Breton and also his colleagues were motivated by Freudian psychoanalysis and its focus on the power of unmindful thought. Thunstable “automatic writing” and hypnosis, artists could totally free their imagicountries to expose deeper truths. The French poets Charles Baudelaire, Arthur Rimbaud, Guillaume Apollinaire, and Pierre Reverdy embopassed away early surrealist principles, as did Peruvian poet César Vallejo. Surrealist practices were also used in the visual arts, especially in the paintings of Max Ernst, Salvador Dali, Joan Miró, and also René Magritte, and also in the movies of Jean Cocteau. A second generation of surrealist authors emerged in other components of the world, particularly in Latin America; check out the poems of Pablo Neruda and also Octavio Paz. The surrealist aesthetic has affected contemporary and also contemporary poets writing in English as well; James Tate, John Ashbery, and also Michael Palmer are remarkable examples.